Research Papers:

ERG deregulation induces IGF-1R expression in prostate cancer cells and affects sensitivity to anti-IGF-1R agents

Caterina Mancarella _, Irene Casanova-Salas, Ana Calatrava, Selena Ventura, Cecilia Garofalo, José Rubio-Briones, Vera Magistroni, Maria Cristina Manara, José Antonio López-Guerrero and Katia Scotlandi

PDF  |  HTML  |  Supplementary Files  |  How to cite

Oncotarget. 2015; 6:16611-16622. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.3425

Metrics: PDF 2584 views  |   HTML 2436 views  |   ?  


Caterina Mancarella1, Irene Casanova-Salas2, Ana Calatrava3, Selena Ventura1, Cecilia Garofalo1, José Rubio-Briones4, Vera Magistroni5, Maria Cristina Manara1, José Antonio López-Guerrero2,*, Katia Scotlandi1,*

1CRS Development of Biomolecular Therapies, Experimental Oncology Lab, Rizzoli Orthopaedic Institute, Bologna, Italy

2Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Fundación Instituto Valenciano de Oncología, Valencia, Spain

3Department of Pathology, Fundación Instituto Valenciano de Oncología, Valencia, Spain

4Department of Urology, Fundación Instituto Valenciano de Oncología, Valencia, Spain

5Department of Health Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy

*These authors have shared senior authorship

Correspondence to:

Katia Scotlandi, e-mail: [email protected]

Keywords: insulin-like growth factor receptor 1, prostate cancer, ETS fusion genes, anti-IGF-1R agents

Received: November 04, 2014     Accepted: February 23, 2015     Published: March 27, 2015


Identifying patients who may benefit from targeted therapy is an urgent clinical issue in prostate cancer (PCa). We investigated the molecular relationship between TMPRSS2-ERG (T2E) fusion gene and insulin-like growth factor receptor (IGF-1R) to optimize the use of IGF-1R inhibitors.

IGF-1R was analyzed in cell lines and in radical prostatectomy specimens in relation to T2E status. ERG binding to IGF-1R promoter was evaluated by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). Sensitivity to anti-IGF-1R agents was evaluated alone or in combination with anti-androgen abiraterone acetate in vitro at basal levels or upon ERG modulation.

IGF-1R analysis performed in PCa cells or clinical samples showed that T2E expression correlated with higher IGF-1R expression at mRNA and protein levels. Genetic modulation of ERG directly affected IGF-1R protein levels in vitro. ChIP analysis showed that ERG binds IGF-1R promoter and that promoter occupancy is higher in T2E-positive cells. IGF-1R inhibition was more effective in cell lines expressing the fusion gene and combination of IGF-1R inhibitors with abiraterone acetate produced synergistic effects in T2E-expressing cells.

Here, we provide the rationale for use of T2E fusion gene to select PCa patients for anti-IGF-1R treatments. The combination of anti-IGF-1R-HAbs with an anti-androgen therapy is strongly advocated for patients expressing T2E.

Creative Commons License All site content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
PII: 3425