Research Papers:

EBV-LMP1 targeted DNAzyme enhances radiosensitivity by inhibiting tumor angiogenesis via the JNKs/HIF-1 pathway in nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Lifang Yang, Liyu Liu, Zhijie Xu, Weihua Liao, Deyun Feng, Xin Dong, San Xu, Lanbo Xiao, Jingchen Lu, Xiangjian Luo, Min Tang, Ann M. Bode, Zigang Dong, Lunquan Sun and Ya Cao _

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Oncotarget. 2015; 6:5804-5817. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.3331

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Lifang Yang1,2,*, Liyu Liu1,*, Zhijie Xu1, Weihua Liao3, Deyun Feng4, Xin Dong1, San Xu1, Lanbo Xiao1, Jingchen Lu1, Xiangjian Luo1, Min Tang1, Ann M. Bode5, Zigang Dong5, Lunquan Sun2 and Ya Cao1

1 Cancer Research Institute, Key Laboratory of Chinese Ministry of Education, Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha, China

2 Center for Molecular Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China

3 Department of Radiology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China

4 Department of Pathology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China

5 The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, MN, USA

* These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Ya Cao, email:

Lunquan Sun, email:

Keywords: LMP1, DNAzyme, radiosensitivity, JNK, angiogenesis

Received: August 19, 2014 Accepted: January 03, 2015 Published: January 21, 2015


LMP1, which is encoded by the Epstein-Barr virus, is proposed to be one of the major oncogenic factors involved in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Previous studies demonstrated that down-regulation of LMP1 by LMP1-targeted DNAzyme (DZ1) increases the radiosensitivity of NPC. However, the mechanism by which DZ1 contributes to this radiosensitivity remains unclear. In this study, we determined whether a DZ1 blockade of LMP1 expression has an overall positive effect on the radiotherapy of NPCs by repressing HIF-1/VEGF activity and to investigate the mechanisms underlying LMP1-induced HIF-1 activation in NPC cells. The results showed that DZ1 inhibited the microtubule-forming ability of HUVECs co-cultured with NPC cells, which occurs with the down-regulation of VEGF expression and secretion. Moreover, LMP1 increases phosphorylated JNKs/c-Jun signaling, which is involved in the regulation of HIF-1/VEGF activity. After silencing LMP1 and decreasing phosphorylation of JNKs, NPC cells exhibited an enhanced radiosensitivity. Furthermore, in vivo experiments revealed a significant inhibition of tumor growth and a marked reduction of the Ktrans parameter, which reflects the condition of tumor micro-vascular permeability. Taken together, our data suggested that VEGF expression is increased by LMP1 through the JNKs/c-Jun signaling pathway and indicated that DZ1 enhances the radiosensitivity of NPC cells by inhibiting HIF-1/VEGF activity.

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