Research Papers:

Identification of epipolythiodioxopiperazines HDN-1 and chaetocin as novel inhibitor of heat shock protein 90

Xiaoping Song _, Zhimin Zhao, Xin Qi, Shuai Tang, Qiang Wang, Tianjiao Zhu, Qianqun Gu, Ming Liu and Jing Li

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Oncotarget. 2015; 6:5263-5274. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.3029

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Xiaoping Song1, Zhimin Zhao1, Xin Qi1, Shuai Tang2, Qiang Wang3, Tianjiao Zhu1, Qianqun Gu1, Ming Liu1, Jing Li1

1Key Laboratory of Marine Drugs, Ministry of Education, School of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ocean University of China, Qingdao,
P. R. China

2Division of Antitumor Pharmacology, State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, P. R. China

3Department of Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, South-Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan, P. R. China

Correspondence to:

Ming Liu, e-mail: [email protected]

Jing Li, e-mail: [email protected]

Keywords: pipolythiodioxopiperazines, HDN-1, chaetocin, inhibitor, Hsp90

Received: September 28, 2014     Accepted: January 01, 2015     Published: January 24, 2015


The molecular chaperone heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has emerged as an important target for cancer treatment. HDN-1, an epipolythiopiperazine-2, 5-diones (ETPs) compound, was here identified as a new Hsp90 inhibitor. HDN-1 bound directly to C-terminus of Hsp90α, resulting in a potential conformational change that interfered with the binding of 17-AAG and novobiocin to Hsp90α. In contrast, association of 17-AAG, novobiocin or ATP with Hsp90α did not prevent the binding HDN-1 to Hsp90α. HDN-1 in combination with 17-AAG exhibited an enhanced inhibitory effect on non-small lung cancer cell proliferation. Molecular docking analyses revealed that HDN-1 bound to Hsp90α at C-terminal 526–570 region. In addition, HDN-1 degraded multiple oncoproteins and promoted EGF-induced wild type and mutated EGFR downregulation. Notably, chaetocin, used as a SUV39H1 inhibitor with similar structure to HDN-1, bound to Hsp90 and degraded Hsp90 client proteins and SUV39H1 as did HDN-1. These results indicate that HDN-1 and chaetocin are inhibitors of Hsp90 and that SUV39H1 is a novel client protein of Hsp90.

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