Priority Research Papers:
14q32-encoded microRNAs mediate an oligometastatic phenotype
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Abhineet Uppal1, Sean C. Wightman1, Stephen Mallon2,3, Go Oshima1, Sean P. Pitroda2,3, Qingbei Zhang4, Xiaona Huang2,3, Thomas E. Darga2,3, Lei Huang5, Jorge Andrade5, Huiping Liu6, Mark K. Ferguson1,3, Geoffrey L. Greene3,7, Mitchell C. Posner1,3, Samuel Hellman2,3, Nikolai N. Khodarev2,3,*, Ralph R. Weichselbaum2,3,*
1Department of Surgery, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
2Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
3Ludwig Center for Metastasis Research, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
4Department of Pathology, Committee on Cancer Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
5Center for Research Informatics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
6Department of Pathology, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA
7The Ben May Department for Cancer Research, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
*These authors have contributed equally to this work
Ralph R. Weichselbaum, e-mail: email@example.com
Keywords: metastasis, oligometastasis, microRNA, gene expression, gene regulation
Received: November 17, 2014 Accepted: December 11, 2014 Published: February 18, 2015
Oligometastasis is a clinically distinct subset of metastasis characterized by a limited number of metastases potentially curable with localized therapies. We analyzed pathways targeted by microRNAs over-expressed in clinical oligometastasis samples and identified suppression of cellular adhesion, invasion, and motility pathways in association with the oligometastatic phenotype. We identified miR-127-5p, miR-544a, and miR-655-3p encoded in the 14q32 microRNA cluster as co-regulators of multiple metastatic pathways through repression of shared target genes. These microRNAs suppressed cellular adhesion and invasion and inhibited metastasis development in an animal model of breast cancer lung colonization. Target genes, including TGFBR2 and ROCK2, were key mediators of these effects. Understanding the role of microRNAs expressed in oligometastases may lead to improved identification of and interventions for patients with curable metastatic disease, as well as an improved understanding of the molecular basis of this unique clinical entity.
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