This article has an addendum. Addendum in: Oncotarget. 2023; 14:754-754.

ACSL4: biomarker, mediator and target in quadruple negative breast cancer

Marie E. Monaco _

PDF  |  Full Text  |  How to cite  |  Press Release

Oncotarget. 2023; 14:563-575. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.28453

Metrics: PDF 491 views  |   Full Text 1309 views  |   ?  


Marie E. Monaco1,2

1 Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA

2 VA NY Harbor Healthcare System, New York, NY 10010, USA

Correspondence to:

Marie E. Monaco, email: [email protected]

Keywords: ACSL4; breast cancer; ferroptosis; molecular subtype; quadruple negative breast cancer

Received: November 07, 2022     Accepted: June 01, 2023     Published: June 12, 2023

Copyright: © 2023 Monaco. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease for which effective treatment depends on correct categorization of its molecular subtype. For the last several decades this determination has relied on hormone receptor status for estrogen, progesterone and HER2. More recently, gene expression data have been generated that further stratify both receptor-positive and receptor-negative cancers. The fatty acid-activating enzyme, ACSL4, has been demonstrated to play a role in the malignant phenotype of a variety of cancers, including breast. This lipid metabolic enzyme is differentially expressed as a function of subtype in breast tumors, with highest expression observed in the mesenchymal (claudin low) and basal-like subtypes. Here we review data that support the potential of utilizing ACSL4 status as both a biomarker of molecular subtype and a predictor of response to a variety of targeted and non-targeted treatment regimens. Based on these findings, we suggest 3 expanded roles for ACSL4: 1. as a biomarker for classification of breast cancer subtypes; 2. as a predictor of sensitivity to hormone-based and certain other therapies; and 3. as a target for the development of new treatment modalities.

Creative Commons License All site content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
PII: 28453