Evaluation of cellular alterations and inflammatory profile of mesothelial cells and/or neoplastic cells exposed to talc used for pleurodesis
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Milena Marques Pagliarelli Acencio1, Bruna Rocha Silva1, Lisete Ribeiro Teixeira1, Vanessa Adélia Alvarenga1, Carlos Sérgio Rocha Silva1, Aline Graças Pereira da Silva1, Vera Luiza Capelozzi2 and Evaldo Marchi3
1 Laboratorio de Pleura-Divisao de Pneumologia, Instituto do Coracao, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
2 Department of Pathology, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
3 Medical College of Jundiai, São Paulo, Brazil
|Milena Marques Pagliarelli Acencio,||email:||firstname.lastname@example.org|
Keywords: pleural mesothelial cells; talc; pleurodesis; malignant pleural effusion; cellular alterations
Received: July 02, 2020 Accepted: August 17, 2020 Published: October 13, 2020
Introdution: To determine the role of Pleural Mesothelial Cells (PMC) and/or Neoplasic Cells (NC) in the initiation and regulation of acute inflammatory response after exposure to talc for evaluating inflammatory mediators and cellular alterations.
Materials and Methods: PMC cultures, human lung (A549) and breast (MCF7) adenocarcinoma cells were divided in 5 groups: 100% PMC, 100% NC, 25% PMC + 75% NC, 50% of each type and 75% PMC + 25% NC. All groups were exposed to talc and measured IL-6, IL-1β, IL-10, TNF-α, TNFRI, pH, LDH, apoptosis and necrosis. Statistical Analysis: One-way Anova.
Results: High IL-6, IL-1β and TNFRI levels were found in PMC and NC exposed to talc. IL-6 was higher at the points of more confluence of PMC. The highest levels of IL-1β and TNFRI were found in mixed cultures. In pure cultures TNFRI was higher in A549 followed by PMC and MCF7. LDH was higher in A549 than PMC. The lowest pH was found in 100% NC. All cell line exposed to talc reduced viability and increased necrosis. Apoptotic cells exposed to talc were higher in pure cultures of NC than in PMC. Mixed cultures of PMC and A549 showed lower levels of apoptosis in cultures with more NC.
Conclusions: PMC after talc exposure participates in the inflammatory process contributing to production of molecular mediators, necessary for effective pleurodesis. Talc acted in NC causing higher rates of apoptosis, contributing in a modest way to tumoral decrease. Different types of tumor cells may respond differently to exposure to talc.
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