The organic ester O,O'-diethyl-(S,S)-ethylenediamine-N,N'-di-2-(3-cyclohexyl)propanoate dihydrochloride attenuates murine breast cancer growth and metastasis
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Milena Jurisevic1,2, Aleksandar Arsenijevic1, Jelena Pantic1, Nevena Gajovic1, Jelena Milovanovic1,3, Marija Milovanovic1, Jelena Poljarevic4, Tibor Sabo4, Danilo Vojvodic5, Gordana D. Radosavljevic1 and Nebojsa Arsenijevic1
1Center for Molecular Medicine and Stem Cell Research, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia
2Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia
3Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia
4Faculty of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
5Institute of Medical Research, Faculty of Medicine, Military Medical Academy, Belgrade, Serbia
Gordana D. Radosavljevic, email: email@example.com
Milena Jurisevic, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: O,O’-diethyl-(S,S)-ethylenediamine-N,N’-di-2-(3-cyclohexyl)propanoate dihydrochloride; breast cancer growth; metastasis; apoptosis; proliferation
Received: December 30, 2017 Accepted: May 24, 2018 Published: June 15, 2018
Pharmacological treatment of cancer is mostly limited by drug-toxicity and resistance. It has been noticed that new organic ester ligand, O,O’-diethyl-(S,S)-ethylenediamine-N,N’-di-2-(3-cyclohexyl)propanoate dihydrochloride (named DE-EDCP) showed effective cytotoxic capacities against several human and mouse cancer cell lines. However, its effects on tumor growth and metastasis are unexplored. The aim of present study was to examine the ability of DE-EDCP to inhibit 4T1 murine breast cancer growth and progression and to explore possible molecular mechanisms. DE-EDCP exhibited significant tumoricidal activity on human and murine breast cancer cell lines. Further, marked reduction of murine breast cancer growth and progression by DE-EDCP was shown. DE-EDCP exhibits fewer side-effects compared to cisplatin as a conventional chemotherapeutic. Results obtained from in vivo and in vitro experiments indicate that DE-EDCP induces apoptosis and inhibits proliferation of 4T1 cells. DE-EDCP increases percentage of 4T1 cells in late apoptosis, expression of pro-apoptotic Bax and caspase-3, while decreases expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2. DE-EDCP treatment increased the percentage of TUNEL-positive nuclei and reduced Ki-67 expression in breast cancer tissue. DE-EDCP decreased expression of cyclin D3 and Ki-67, increased expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors p16, p21 and p27 and arrested 4T1 cells in G0/G1 cell cycle phase. Expression of STAT3 and downstream regulated molecules, NANOG and SOX2, was reduced in 4T1 cells after DE-EDCP treatment.
In conclusion, DE-EDCP impairs breast cancer growth and progression by triggering cancer cell death and inhibition of cancer cell proliferation. DE-EDCP might be of interest in the development of the new anticancer agent.
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