Evaluation of effectiveness of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor therapy to cancer patients after chemotherapy: a meta-analysis
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Wen-Liang Yu1 and Zi-Chun Hua1,2,3
1The State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Macau Institute for Applied Research in Medicine and Health, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macao, China
2The State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
3Changzhou High-Tech Research Institute of Nanjing University and Jiangsu TargetPharma Laboratories Inc., Changzhou, China
Zi-Chun Hua, email: [email protected]
Keywords: GM-CSF; hematologic index; meta-analysis
Received: August 14, 2017 Accepted: February 28, 2018 Published: June 15, 2018
The impact of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on hematologic indexes and complications remains existing contradictory evidence in cancer patients after treatment of chemotherapy. Eligible studies up to March 2017 were searched and reviewed from PubMed and Wanfang databases. Totally 1043 cancer patients from 15 studies were included in our research. The result indicated that GM-CSF could significantly improve white blood cells count (SMD = 1.16, 95% CI: 0.71 – 1.61, Z = 5.03, P < 0.00001) and reduce the time to leukopenia recovery (SMD = -0.85, 95% CI: -1.16 – -0.54, Z = 5.38, P < 0.00001) in cancer patients after treatment of chemotherapy. It also could improve absolute neutrophil count (SMD = 1.11, 95% CI: 0.39 – 1.82, Z = 3.04, P = 0.002) and significantly shorten the time to neutropenia recovery (SMD = -1.47, 95% CI: -2.20 – -1.75, Z = 3.99, P < 0.0001). However, GM-CSF could not improve blood platelet (SMD = 0.46, 95% CI: -0.37 – -1.29, Z = 1.10, P = 0.27). And GM-CSF had significant connection with fever (RR = 3.44, 95% CI: 1.43 – 8.28, Z = 2.76, P = 0.006). The publication bias existed in the data of the impact of GM-CSF on blood platelet and complication. In conclusions, GM-CSF had an intimate association with some hematologic indexes and complications. Our study suggested that more hematological indexes and even more other indexes need to be observed in future studies.
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