Research Papers: Gerotarget (Focus on Aging):
Genetic polymorphisms in ataxin-3 and liver cirrhosis risk related to aflatoxin B1
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Xing-Zhizi Wang1,*, Xiao-Ying Huang1,*, Jin-Guang Yao1,*, Chao Wang2, Qiang Xia3 and Xi-Dai Long1,3,4
1Department of Pathology, The Affiliated Hospital of Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities, Baise 533000, China
2Department of Digestive Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities, Baise 533000, China
3Department of Liver Surgery, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200127, China
4Guangxi Clinic Research Center of Hepatobiliary Diseases, Baise 533000, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Xi-Dai Long, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: ataxin-3; polymorphism; liver cirrhosis; aflatoxin B1; Gerotarget
Received: August 02, 2017 Accepted: November 07, 2017 Epub: February 19, 2018 Published: June 08, 2018
Background: Altered expression of ataxin-3 (AT3) can modify DNA repair capacity and is observed in human diseases. The genetic polymorphisms of this gene in aflatoxin B1 (AFB1)–related liver cirrhosis (LC) have not yet been elucidated.
Materials and Methods: We conducted a hospital-based case–control study, including 384 patients with LC and 851 controls without any liver diseases, to assess the association between 264 polymorphisms in AT3 and AFB1-related LC risk. Genotype were tested using TaqMan-PCR or sequencing technique.
Results: We found three differentially distributed SNPs (rs8021276, rs7158733, and rs10146249) via the screening analysis; however, only rs8021276 polymorphism was further identified to modify the risk of LC. Compared with the homozygote of rs8021276 A alleles (rs8021276-AA), the genotypes of rs8021276 G alleles (rs8021276-AG or -GG) increased LC risk (OR: 2.48 and 6.98; 95% CI: 1.84–3.33 and 4.35–11.22, respectively). Significant interactive effects between risk genotypes and AFB1 exposure status were also observed in the joint effects analysis. Additionally, rs8021276 polymorphism was also associated with down-regulation of AT3 mRNA expression and increasing AFB1-DNA adducts in liver tissues with cirrhosis.
Conclusions: These results suggest AT3 polymorphisms may be risk biomarkers of AFB1-related LC, and rs8021276 is a potential candidate.
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