The role of exosomal non-coding RNAs in cancer metastasis
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Jin-Peng Wang1,2,3, Yan-Yan Tang1,2, Chun-Mei Fan2, Can Guo2, Yan-Hong Zhou2, Zheng Li2, Xiao-Ling Li2, Yong Li2,4, Gui-Yuan Li1,2,3, Wei Xiong1,2,3, Zhao-Yang Zeng1,2,3 and Fang Xiong1
1The Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis of the Chinese Ministry of Health, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
2The Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Cancer Invasion of the Chinese Ministry of Education, Cancer Research Institute, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
3Hunan Key Laboratory of Nonresolving Inflammation and Cancer, Disease Genome Research Center, The Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
4Department of Cancer Biology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA
Fang Xiong, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Zhao-Yang Zeng, email: email@example.com
Keywords: exosome; non-coding RNA; tumor microenvironment; tumor metastasis
Received: July 10, 2017 Accepted: October 28, 2017 Published: December 21, 2017
An increasing number of studies has confirmed that many cells can secrete vesicles or exosomes in eukaryotes, which contain important nucleic acids, proteins and lipids and play important roles in cell communication and tumor metastasis. This paper summarizes the comprehensive function of exosomal non-coding RNAs. Although some studies have shown that exosomes mediate tumor signal transduction, the functional mechanism of the tumor metastasis remains to be elucidated. In this paper, we reviewed the role of exosomal non-coding RNAs in mediating cancer metastasis in the tumor microenvironment to provide new ideas for the study of tumor pathophysiology.
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