Circulating cell-free DNA content as blood based biomarker in endometrial cancer
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Lucia Cicchillitti1,*, Giacomo Corrado2,*, Martina De Angeli3, Emanuela Mancini1, Ermelinda Baiocco1, Lodovico Patrizi3, Ashanti Zampa1, Roberta Merola4, Aline Martayan4, Laura Conti4, Giulia Piaggio5,** and Enrico Vizza1,**
1Department of Experimental Clinical Oncology, Gynecologic Oncology Unit, IRCCS Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gynecologic Oncology Unit, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy
3Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Rome, Italy
4Clinical Pathology, IRCCS Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy
5Department of Research, Advanced Diagnostics and Technological Innovation, Area of Translational Research, IRCCS Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy
*These authors have contributed equally to this work
Giacomo Corrado, email: email@example.com
Lucia Cicchillitti, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: endometrial cancer; circulating cell-free DNA; circulating cell-free mitochondrial DNA; bio-markers; liquid biopsy
Received: July 21, 2017 Accepted: December 01, 2017 Published: December 14, 2017
Background: Altered circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) levels are related to cancer development and aggressiveness. Up to now, very few studies have been performed for evaluating cfDNA content in endometrial cancer (EC).
Methods: First, we measured cfDNA release in blood serum of EC cancer patients collected before surgery and before the beginning of any treatment by SYBR Gold assay and correlated it with tumor aggressiveness. We also assessed the relative mitochondrial cell-free DNA (cfmtDNA) content by qRT-PCR. Next, we correlated cfDNA levels with BMI, age, hypertension and inflammation markers.
Results: CfDNA levels are higher in G2 and G3 compared with G1 EC sera. A significant modulation of cfDNA content was detected in sera from patients with BMI>30 compared with those with BMI<30. We observed a further and significant alteration in cfDNA level in hypertensive patients with G2-G3, but not in G1 EC. Analysis of preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte (NLR) and monocyte-to-lymphocyte (MLR) ratios suggests a contribution of the host response in the altered cfDNA levels in EC.
Conclusions: Our data indicate that assessment of total and mitochondrial cfDNA levels in blood sera and the relative NLR and MLR in blood obtained from preoperative patients may help clinical management and prognosis in EC.
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