XPO1 target occupancy measurements confirm the selinexor recommended phase 2 dose
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Marsha L. Crochiere1, Stefan Hannus2, Kerrin Hansen2, Frank Becker2, Erkan Baloglu1, Margaret Lee1, Michael Kauffman1, Sharon Shacham1 and Yosef Landesman1
1Karyopharm Therapeutics, Inc, Newton, MA 02459, USA
2Intana Bioscience GmbH, D-82152 Planegg/Martinsried, Munich, Germany
Marsha L. Crochiere, email: [email protected]
Keywords: selinexor; export; occupancy; cancer; dose
Received: September 08, 2017 Accepted: November 09, 2017 Published: November 30, 2017
XPO1 (exportin 1) is the main nuclear export protein with over 200 different protein cargos. XPO1 is overexpressed in tumor cells and high levels are correlated with poor prognosis. Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE) compounds block nuclear export by inhibiting XPO1. The first SINE compound, selinexor, shows promising anti-cancer activity across hematological and solid tumors in Phase 2 and 3 clinical trials. The 2nd generation SINE compound KPT-8602 is being evaluated as an anti-cancer agent in a Phase 1 clinical trial. To predict patient response to treatment and confirm the selinexor recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), an assay based on fluorescence cross correlation spectroscopy that measures XPO1 occupancy in cancer cells was developed. Studies comparing cytotoxicity and XPO1 occupancy in cell lines treated with selinexor or KPT-8602 indicated that XPO1 occupancy by both compounds could reach saturation regardless of drug sensitivity. However, higher levels of XPO1 protein correlated with lower sensitivity to SINE compound cytotoxicity. In vivo mouse studies showed XPO1 occupancy could be measured in tumors and was dose-dependent, with >90% target saturation at 10 mg/kg (~50 mg flat dose in humans). Drug-target occupancy was measured in a dose-response time course and full occupancy occurred by 6 hours at all doses. The duration of occupancy was dose-dependent, where 10-15 mg/kg in mice (~ 50-75 mg human flat dose) was necessary to maintain XPO1 occupancy up to 48 hours post-dose. These findings confirm the selinexor RP2D of 60 mg for achieving target occupancy and inhibition up to 48 hours.
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