Association of ALDH3B2 gene polymorphism and risk factors with susceptibility of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in a Chinese population: a case-control study involving 2,358 subjects
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Jun Yin1,2,*, Weifeng Tang1,*, Tao Long1,*, Huiwen Pan1, Jianchao Liu1, Lu Lv1, Chao Liu1, Yijun Shi1, Jingfeng Zhu1, Yangyong Sun1, Aizhong Shao1, Qiang Zhou1, Zhengbing Ren1, Guowen Ding1, Suocheng Chen1, Yan Liu3, Jun Yao4, Hao Ding5, Yulan Yan5, Haiyong Gu6, Cheng Qian2, Liming Wang7, Qun Wang2 and Lijie Tan2
1Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Affiliated People’s Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, 212002, China
2Department of Thoracic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, 200032, China
3Genesky Biotechnologies Inc., Shanghai, 201315, China
4Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated People’s Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, 212002, China
5Department of Respirology, Affiliated People’s Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, 212002, China
6Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, 200030, China
7Cancer Institute, Department of Chemotherapy, Affiliated People’s Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, 212002, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Liming Wang, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Qun Wang, email: email@example.com
Lijie Tan, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: ALDH3B2; polymorphisms; risk factors; esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
Received: July 21, 2017 Accepted: October 30, 2017 Published: November 24, 2017
Background: Esophageal cancer (EC) is the sixth leading cause of cancer-associated death worldwide. The interaction of environmental risk factors and genetic factors might contribute to the carcinogenesis of EC synergistically.
Results: All seven single locus polymorphisms of ALDH3B2 were not associated with risk of ESCC as evaluated by allelic, dominant, co-dominant, recessive and Cochran-Armitage trend tests. Stratified analyses showed these SNPs were not correlated with the susceptibility of ESCC according to different age, gender, cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking status. None of the major haplotypes were related with ESCC susceptibility.
Materials and Methods: We conducted a hospital-based case–control study to evaluate the combined effects of environmental risk factors and the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ALDH3B2 gene on the development of esophageal squamous carcinoma (ESCC). A total of 1043 ESCC cases and 1315 controls were recruited for this study. Seven ALDH3B2 SNPs and four environmental factors were selected as independent variables. ALDH3B2 SNPs were determined by ligation detection reaction method.
Conclusions: Our study suggested that ALDH3B2 rs34589365, rs3741172, rs4646823, rs78402723, rs7947978, rs866907 and rs9787887 polymorphisms were not implicated with altered susceptibility of ESCC according to different age, gender, cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking status. Yet this conclusion needs to be verified in larger studies among different ethnic populations with validation design, the biological function of these SNPs in carcinogenesis are subject to further investigation.
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