Probiotics in 14-day triple therapy for Asian pediatric patients with Helicobacter pylori infection: a network meta-analysis

Juanjuan Wen, Pailan Peng, Pengfei Chen, Lirong Zeng, Qinghua Pan, Wenbin Wei _ and Jianhua He

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:96409-96418. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.21633

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Juanjuan Wen1,*, Pailan Peng1,2,*, Pengfei Chen1,3,*, Lirong Zeng1, Qinghua Pan1, Wenbin Wei1 and Jianhua He1

1Department of Gastroenterology, The Central Hospital of Enshi Autonomous Prefecture, Enshi, China

2Department of Gastroenterology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China

3Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Wenbin Wei, email: [email protected]

Jianhua He, email: [email protected]

Keywords: Helicobacter pylori, probiotics, pediatrics, 14-day triple therapy, network meta-analysis

Received: July 04, 2017     Accepted: September 21, 2017     Published: October 07, 2017


Although 14-day triple therapy has been widely administrated for eradicating Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in Asia, its antibiotic-associated side effects restrict the effectivity of eradication therapy in pediatric patients. Therefore, a network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of probiotics supplemented in 14-day triple therapy in Asian pediatric patients.

Materials and Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were retrieved comprehensively in electronic databases (such as PubMed, Cochrane library, Embase, CNKI, Wan fang database, VIP database and CBM) until April 2017. Additional references were obtained from reviewed articles. NMA was performed using a random-effects model under a frequentist framework.

Results: Seventeen RCTs were included. NMA indicated that Bifidobacterium infantis+Clostridium butyricum was most beneficial for H. pylori eradication rates (P-score = 0.82) and Bacillus mesentericus+Clostridium butyricum+Streptococcus faecalis for total side effects (P-score = 0.77). Taken together, Bacillus mesentericus+Clostridium butyricum+Streptococcus faecalis was the best one to supplement in 14-day triple therapy due to its efficacy (P-score = 0.72) and safety (P-score = 0.77). Additionally, pairwise meta-analysis indicated that probiotics supplemented 14-day triple therapy significantly increased H. pylori eradication rates (RR: 1.16, 95%CI: 1.07–1.26) and reduced the incidence of total side effects (RR: 0.40, 95%CI: 0.34–0.48) compared with placebo.

Conclusions: Bacillus mesentericus+Clostridium butyricum+Streptococcus faecalis is the optimal probiotic regime of reducing total side effects and improving eradication rates when supplemented 14-day triple therapy. Further direct evidence is needed to warrant it.

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