Research Papers:

ING4 expressing oncolytic vaccinia virus promotes anti-tumor efficiency and synergizes with gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer

Yinfang Wu, Xiaozhou Mou, Shibing Wang, Xing-E Liu and Xiaodong Sun _

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:82728-82739. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.21095

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Yinfang Wu1,2,3, Xiaozhou Mou3,4, Shibing Wang3,4, Xing-E Liu5 and Xiaodong Sun1,2,4

1Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital, People’s Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou 310014, P. R. China

2The Second Clinical Medical College, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310053, P. R. China

3Clinical Research Institute, Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital, People’s Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou 310014, P. R. China

4Key Laboratory of Tumor Molecular Diagnosis and Individualized Medicine of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310014, P. R. China

5Department of Medical Oncology, Zhejiang Hospital, Hangzhou 310007, P. R. China

Correspondence to:

Xiaodong Sun, email: [email protected]

Xing-E Liu, email: [email protected]

Keywords: oncolytic vaccinia virus, ING4, gene therapy, gemcitabine, pancreatic cancer

Received: May 25, 2017     Accepted: August 26, 2017     Published: September 20, 2017


With no effective treatments available for most pancreatic cancer patients, pancreatic cancer continues to be one of the most difficult malignancies to treat. Oncolytic virus mediated-gene therapy has exhibited ubiquitous antitumor potential. In this study, we constructed a novel oncolytic vaccinia virus harboring the inhibitor of growth family member 4 gene (VV-ING4) to investigate its therapeutic efficacy alone or in combination with gemcitabine against pancreatic cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. ING4 expression was determined via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and western blot. The cytotoxicity of VV-ING4 was measured using a cell proliferation assay. Both flow cytometry and western blot were applied to analyze the cell cycle and apoptosis. Furthermore, the combination inhibitory effect of VV-ING4 and gemcitabine was assessed using Chou-Talalay analysis in vitro and a BLAB/c mice model in vivo. We found that VV-ING4 significantly increases ING4 expression, displayed greater cytotoxic efficiency, and induced pancreatic cancer cell apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest. Additionally, the combination of VV-ING4 and gemcitabine synergistically effect in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, our data implicate VV-ING4 as a conceivable pancreatic cancer therapeutic candidate alone or in combination with gemcitabine.

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