Correlation between KLOTHO gene and mild cognitive impairment in the Uygur and Han populations of Xinjiang
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Palida Abulizi1, Xiao-Hui Zhou1, Kabinuer Keyimu1, Mei Luo1 and Feng-Qing Jin1
1No1 Cadre Wards Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang, 830054, China
Xiao-Hui Zhou, email: [email protected]
Keywords: mild cognitive impairment, Klotho gene, uygur nationality, Han nationality
Received: November 02, 2016 Accepted: July 18, 2017 Published: September 06, 2017
The secretive Klotho protein is an anti-aging regulatory hormone that plays a physiological role in many target organs. The present study aims to investigate the correlation between Klotho gene and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Uygur and Han populations in Xinjiang. From July 2008 to April 2014, stratified random multistage cluster sampling was used in combination with the methods of on-site questionnaire and household survey to conduct a cross-sectional MCI investigation on selected Uygur and Han subjects aged over 60 years old in Xinjiang region. 323 Uygur and Han MCI patients were randomly selected and matched with 343 subjects in the normal control group. SNaPshot technique was used to detect the polymorphisms of Klotho gene. A case-control associated analysis was conducted to analyze the genotype and allele frequencies of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the MCI group and the normal control group. The polymorphisms of rs1207568 and rs9536314/rs9527025 loci in Klotho gene were different among MCI populations in Xinjiang, and after group assignments based on ethnic background, the polymorphisms of rs1207568 and rs9536314/rs9527025 loci were associated with the Uygur MCI population and were not relevant to the Han MIC population. The frequencies of mutational alleles of rs9536314/rs9527025 locus in the Uygur population were significantly higher than those in the Han population. The genotype and allele frequencies of rs1207568 locus in the Uygur and Han populations were similar. The polymorphisms of rs1207568 and rs9536314/rs9527025 loci in Klotho gene may be associated with the Uygur MCI population in Xinjiang.
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