IQCA-TAVV: To explore the effect of P-selectin, GPIIb/IIIa, IL-2, IL-6 and IL-8 on deep venous thrombosis
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Jianhui Wu1,*, Haimei Zhu1,*, Guodong Yang1, Yuji Wang1, Yaonan Wang1, Shurui Zhao1, Ming Zhao1,2 and Shiqi Peng1
1Beijing Area Major Laboratory of Peptide and Small Molecular Drugs, Engineering Research Center of Endogenous Prophylactic of Ministry of Education of China, Beijing Laboratory of Biomedical Materials, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Capital Medical University, Beijing, PR China
2Department of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
*These authors have contributed equally to this work
Ming Zhao, email: [email protected]
Shiqi Peng, email: [email protected]
Keywords: deep vein thrombosis, P-selectin, GPIIb/IIIa, cytokines, inflammation
Received: June 14, 2017 Accepted: August 04, 2017 Published: August 24, 2017
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) associates with considerable morbidity, functional disability and mortality. Due to the lack of suitable inhibitor the correlation of various factors in DVT onset remains unknown. In this context we analyzed the structure of anti-platelet aggregation agent, P-selectin down-regulator, GPIIb/IIIa down-regulator and anti-inflammatory agent, thereby designed N-(3S-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carbonyl)- Thr-Ala-Arg-Gly-Asp(Val)-Val (IQCA-TAVV) as an inhibitor of DVT to receive evaluations. The docking predicted that IQCA-TAVV can target P-selectin and GPIIb/IIIa. The UV showed that IQCA-TAVV can act on P-selectin and GPIIb/IIIa. ELISA indicated that IQCA-TAVV concentration dependently inhibited activated platelets to express P-selectin and GPIIb/IIIa, and the minimal effective concentration was 1 nM. IC50 of IQCA-TAVV against platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid, adenosine diphosphate and platelet activating factor fell within a range of 0.13 nM to 0.30 nM. In vivo IQCA-TAVV dose-dependently inhibited venous thrombosis and the minimal effective dose was 1 nmol/kg. On ear edema model the anti-inflammation activity of 10 nmol/kg IQCA-TAVV equaled that of 1.1mmol/kg aspirin. The concentration of IL-2, IL-6 and IL-8 in the serum of the ear edema mice were also significantly decreased by 10 nmol/kg IQCA-TAVV. Even at 1 μmol/kg of dose IQCA-TAVV still did not injure the kidney, the liver, and the nerves of healthy mice. Thereby IQCA-TAVV depicts a relationship of three levels (inhibiting platelet activation, targeting externalized membrane receptor, decreasing serum inflammatory factor) for the down-regulation of P-selectin, GPIIb/IIIa, IL-2, IL-6 and IL-8 in DVT.
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