A study on the expression of apoptotic molecules related to death receptor and endoplasmic reticulum pathways in the jejunum of AFB1-intoxicated chickens
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Zhixiang Zheng1,2,*, Zhicai Zuo1,2,*, Panpan Zhu1,2,*, Fengyuan Wang1,2,*, Heng Yin1,2, Xi Peng3, Jing Fang1,2, Hengmin Cui1,2, Caixia Gao1,2, Hetao Song1,2, Ping Ouyang2, Yi Zhou4 and Song Zhao1,2
1Key Laboratory of Animal Diseases and Environmental Hazards of Sichuan Province, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan 611130, PR China
2College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan 611130, PR China
3College of Life Sciences, China West Normal University, Nanchong, Sichuan 637002, PR China
4Life science department, Sichuan Agricultural University, Yaan, Sichuan 625014, PR China
*These authors have contributed equally to this study
Jing Fang, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Xi Peng, email: email@example.com
Keywords: aflatoxin B1, apoptosis, jejunum, death receptor molecules, endoplasmic reticulum molecules
Received: April 28, 2017 Accepted: June 16, 2017 Published: August 18, 2017
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is a common contaminant of poultry feeds in tropical and subtropical climates. Early researches have well established the hepatotoxic, carcinogenic, and immunotoxic effects of AFB1 on humans and animals. Recently, it has been shown that AFB1 could cause the up- or down-alteration of mitochondrial pathway molecule expression. However, the information on the expression of death receptor and endoplasmic reticulum molecules in the jejunal apoptosis induced by AFB1 were unavailable. So the present study was conducted to explore the expression of apoptotic molecules related to death receptor and endoplasmic reticulum in the jejunal cells of chickens exposed to AFB1 diet for 3 weeks. Total of 144 one-day-old chickens was randomly divided into two groups, namely control group (containing 0 mg/kg AFB1) and AFB1 group (containing 0.6 mg/kg AFB1). Histopathological observation and microscopic quantitative analysis revealed morphological changes in the jejunum such as the shedding of the mucosal epithelial cells in the apical region of villi along with the decrease of villus height, villus area and villus/crypt ratio in the AFB1 group. Both TUNEL and flow cytometry assays showed that AFB1 intake induced excessive apoptosis of jejunal cells. Quantitative real-time PCR test displayed the general upregulation of death receptors (FAS, FASL, TNF-α and TNF-R1), endoplasmic reticulum signals (GRP78 and GRP94) as well as initiator and executioner caspases (CASPASE-10, CASPASE-8 and CASPASE-3) in the jejunum of AFB1-intoxicated chickens. It’s the first study demonstrating that AFB1 induced apoptosis of chickens’ jejunum accompanied by the alteration of death receptor and endoplasmic reticulum molecule expression.
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