Kinetics of plasma von Willebrand factor in acute myocardial infarction patients: a meta-analysis
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Xia Wang1, Junyu Zhao2, Yong Zhang3, Xiujuan Xue4, Jie Yin3, Lin Liao2, Cuiping Xu4, Yinglong Hou3, Suhua Yan3 and Ju Liu1
1Medical Research Center, Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, 250014 Shandong, China
2Department of Endocrinology, Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, 250014 Shandong, China
3Department of Cardiology, Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, 250014 Shandong, China
4Department of Nursing, Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, 250014 Shandong, China
Ju Liu, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: von Willebrand factor, kinetics, acute myocardial infarction, meta-analysis
Received: May 16, 2017 Accepted: July 26, 2017 Published: August 09, 2017
Previous studies have shown a variation in plasma level of von Willebrand factor (vWF) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients but with contentious results. In this study, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the kinetics of plasma vWF after AMI. A total of 11 qualified studies were obtained through systematical search in PubMed, Web of science, Cochrane Library database and CNKI, followed by search of reference lists, involving 519 AMI patients and 466 non-AMI controls. The standard mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated using random-effects model. Results indicated that the plasma vWF was significantly increased in the first several hours after onset of AMI (SMD = 1.94, 95% CI = 1.39–2.48, P < 0.001) and stayed at high level until 24 h (SMD = 1.17, 95% CI = 0.45–1.89, P = 0.001). Elevated level of vWF appeared to persist for one week and reduced to normal until the fourteenth day after AMI (SMD = 0.44, 95% CI = −0.14–1.02, P = 0.14). Subgroup analysis revealed that the high level of vWF lasted just for 1 day in patients with a symptom duration ≤ 6 h before admission. For patients with a symptom duration > 6 h, elevated vWF was found in all 7 days except day 1. Our findings determined the kinetics of plasma vWF after AMI, and might provide a new insight in monitoring AMI progression.
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