Oncotarget

Research Papers:

Identification of long non-coding RNA signature for paclitaxel-resistant patients with advanced ovarian cancer

Luqing Wang, Yanjun Hu, Xiaohong Xiang, Kai Qu and Yue Teng _

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:64191-64202. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.19828

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Abstract

Luqing Wang1,*, Yanjun Hu2,*, Xiaohong Xiang3, Kai Qu3 and Yue Teng4

1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Liaocheng People’s Hospital, Taishan Medical College, Liaocheng 252000, China

2Department of Clinical Laboratory, Liaocheng People’s Hospital, Taishan Medical College, Liaocheng 252000, China

3Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China

4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China

*These authors have contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Yue Teng, email: navimoon@126.com

Kai Qu, email: joanne8601@163.com

Keywords: long non-coding RNA, epithelial ovarian cancer, paclitaxel, chemoresistance

Received: May 07, 2017    Accepted: June 19, 2017    Published: August 02, 2017

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy, characterized by late diagnosis, frequent relapse, and easy development of chemoresistance. Recent studies suggest that lncRNAs are involved in ovarian cancer onset and progression, as well as the resistance in paclitaxel-containing chemotherapy. However, the genome-wide expression pattern and associated functional implications of lncRNAs in paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer cells remain undetermined. In the present study, we identified a panel of lncRNAs aberrantly expressed in both paclitaxel resistant ovarian cancer tissues and cell lines, including XR_948297, XR_947831, XR_938728, XR_938392, NR_103801, NR_073113, and NR_036503. Moreover, the seven-lncRNA signature showed a relatively high predictive accuracy of chemoresistance with an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.93, and was associated with progression-free survival inovarian cancer patients (HR=2.05, p=0.015). Our function prediction demonstrated that the seven-lncRNA signature was positively correlated with a cluster containing 129 genes enriched in insulin secretion-related pathway. Our findings suggest that the seven-lncRNA signature may be utilized as potent biomarkers for predicting chemoresistance for ovarian cancer patients with paclitaxel-containing chemotherapy.


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