APE1 overexpression is associated with poor survival in patients with solid tumors: a meta-analysis
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Chun-Ling Yuan1, Fan He2, Jia-Zhou Ye3, Hui-Ni Wu4, Jin-Yan Zhang1, Zhi-Hui Liu1, Yong-Qiang Li1, Xiao-Ling Luo1, Yan Lin1 and Rong Liang1
1First Department of Chemotherapy, Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, P. R. China
2College of Arts and Sciences, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 33620, USA
3Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, 530021, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, P. R. China
4School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510080, Guangdong, P. R. China
Yan Lin, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Rong Liang, email: email@example.com
Keywords: APE1, IHC, meta-analysis, prognosis
Received: January 17, 2017 Accepted: July 18, 2017 Published: August 02, 2017
APE1 is known as a key mediator of DNA damage repair pathways, and its clinical significance in different types of cancer is well studied. Herein, we performed a meta-analysis to determine the association of APE1 expression and survival in different types of solid cancer. We searched all eligible publications in PubMed, Web of Science and Embase platforms from inception to January 2017 and found 15 relevant manuscripts. Overall survival (OS), 12- and 36-month survival rates, and hazard ratios (HRs) were extracted and analyzed. Heterogeneity and publication bias were also assessed. A subgroup analysis of the different subcellular locations of APE1 was also conducted. Patients with higher APE1 levels demonstrated lower 12- and 36-month survival rates than those with low APE1 levels (HR 2.00, 95% CI 1.33–3.00, P = 0.0009; HR 1.84, 95% CI 1.19–2.84, P = 0.006). Importantly, the pooled analysis showed that high levels of APE1 predict shorter OS (HR 1.44, 95% CI 1.13–1.83, P = 0.003). Subgroup analysis revealed that both nuclear and cytoplasmic expression levels of APE1 are important indicators of poor prognosis in solid tumors.
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