Epigenetic regulation of NOTCH1 and NOTCH3 by KMT2A inhibits glioma proliferation
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Yin-Cheng Huang1,2,*, Sheng-Jia Lin3,*, Hung-Yu Shih3, Chung-Han Chou4, Hsiao-Han Chu4, Ching-Chi Chiu5, Chiou-Hwa Yuh6, Tu-Hsueh Yeh5,7,8 and Yi-Chuan Cheng3,5
1College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
2Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou Medical Center, Taoyuan, Taiwan
3Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
4School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Chang-Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan
5Neuroscience Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou Medical Center, Taoyuan, Taiwan
6Institute of Molecular and Genomic Medicine, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, Taiwan
7Department of Neurology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
8School of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
Yi-Chuan Cheng, email: [email protected]
Tu-Hsueh Yeh, email: [email protected]
Keywords: KMT2A, NOTCH, glioma, zebrafish
Received: August 05, 2016 Accepted: May 22, 2017 Published: June 27, 2017
Glioblastomas are among the most fatal brain tumors; however, the molecular determinants of their tumorigenic behavior are not adequately defined. In this study, we analyzed the role of KMT2A in the glioblastoma cell line U-87 MG. KMT2A knockdown promoted cell proliferation. Moreover, it increased the DNA methylation of NOTCH1 and NOTCH3 and reduced the expression of NOTCH1 and NOTCH3. NOTCH1 or NOTCH3 activation inhibited U-87 MG cell proliferation, whereas NOTCH1 and NOTCH3 inhibition by shRNAs induced cell proliferation, thus demonstrating the tumor-suppressive ability of NOTCH1 and NOTCH3 in U-87 MG cells. The induced cell proliferation caused by KMT2A knockdown could be nullified by using either constitutively active NOTCH1 or constitutively active NOTCH3. This result demonstrates that KMT2A positively regulates NOTCH1 and NOTCH3 and that this mechanism is essential for inhibiting the U-87 MG cell proliferation. The role of KMT2A knockdown in promoting tumor growth was further confirmed in vivo by transplanting U-87 MG cells into the brains of zebrafish larvae. In conclusion, we identified KMT2A-NOTCH as a negative regulatory cascade for glioblastoma cell proliferation, and this result provides important information for KMT2A- or NOTCH-targeted therapeutic strategies for brain tumors.
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