Research Papers:

SOCS1 gene promoter methylation status is associated with in-stent restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention

Liang Zhou, Ningfu Wang, Hong Li, Guoxin Tong, Jianmin Yang, Lei Lai, Hao Pan, Xianhua Ye _ and Jinyu Huang

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:56959-56967. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.18398

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Liang Zhou1, Ningfu Wang1, Hong Li1, Guoxin Tong1, Jianmin Yang1, Lei Lai1, Hao Pan1, Xianhua Ye1 and Jinyu Huang1

1Department of Cardiology, Hangzhou First People’s Hospital, Nanjing Medical University Hangzhou Hospital, Hangzhou, 310006 China

Correspondence to:

Xianhua Ye, email: [email protected]

Jinyu Huang, email: [email protected]

Keywords: suppressor of cytokine signaling-1, in-stent restenosis, percutaneous coronary intervention, methylation, inflammation

Received: February 20, 2017    Accepted: May 02, 2017    Published: June 07, 2017


Background Inflammation is involved in the development of In-stent restenosis (ISR) after percutaneous coronary intervention. We aimed to investigate the association between of suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1), a major negative regulator for inflammation, and the occurrence of ISR in Chinese patients.

Methods We enrolled patients with coronary artery disease who underwent PCI with stenting. PCI procedures were performed successfully and a follow-up angiography was repeated 1 year later to determine ISR presence. Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) was used for SOCS1 methylation status determination.

Results There are a total of 187 patients had SOCS1 methylation while there are 275 had no methylated SOCS1. Patients with SOCS1 methylation have a higher inflammatory status. Of note, patients with SOCS1 methylation had a significantly lower SOCS1 mRNA levels compared to those without. Patients with ISR tend to have a significantly higher percentage of SOCS1 gene methylation (P<0.001). We next conducted the Binary logistic regression analyses to determine the correlation of SOCS1 with ISR, using demographic and clinical characteristics. Our data show that SOCS1 methylation is the only factors which are closely associated with ISR incidence. Patients with SOCS1 methylation are 5 times more likely to have ISR after successful PCI as opposed to those without SOCS1 methylation (P<0.001).

Conclusion Our data suggest that blood SOCS1 gene promoter methylation status is closely associated with ISR occurrence, thus may be used as a marker to predict ISR.

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