XIST/miR-139 axis regulates bleomycin (BLM)-induced extracellular matrix (ECM) and pulmonary fibrosis through β-catenin
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Yichun Wang1, Ying Liang2, Junming Luo1, Jing Nie1, Huiming Yin3, Qiong Chen1, Jing Dong1, Jixiang Zhu1, Jiamei Xia1 and Wei Shuai1
1Critical Care Medicine Department, Hunan Cancer Hospital, Changsha, China
2Department of Food Science and Engineering, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, China
3Respiratory Medicine Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan University of Medicine, Changsha, China
Huiming Yin, email: [email protected]
Keywords: XIST/miR-139, pulmonary fibrosis (PF), fibroblast, β-catenin, extracellular matrix (ECM)
Received: April 05, 2017 Accepted: May 04, 2017 Published: May 31, 2017
Pulmonary fibrosis (PF), characterized by the destruction of lung tissue architecture and the abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, currently has no satisfactory treatment. In the present study, we investigated the hypothesis that XIST play a promotive role in bleomycin (BLM)-induced ECM and pulmonary fibrosis; XIST exerts its effect through miR-139 regulation. XIST expression was upregulated in lung tissues derived from BLM-induced mouse model of PF, and was positively correlated with β-catenin and ECM protein levels, respectively. LV-sh-XIST-induced XIST knockdown led to decreased PF, reduced β-catenin and ECM protein levels in lung tissues. XIST knockdown suppressed the proliferation of IMR-90 (human fibroblast) and murine lung fibroblasts (MLFCs) and ECM protein expression. Moreover, miR-139 could directly bind to XIST and the 3’UTR of β-catenin; XIST competed with β-catenin for miR-139 binding both in IMR-90 and MLFCs. In MLFCs, miR-139 inversely regulated XIST, and could partially reverse the effect of XIST on β-catenin and ECM proteins. In lung tissues of PF mice, miR-139 expression was downregulated, whereas β-catenin expression was upregulated. In conclusion, XIST exerts positive effects on BLM-induced PF through inhibiting miR-139 to promote human/mouse fibroblast proliferation and ECM proteins.
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