Oncotarget

Research Papers:

IER3IP1 deficiency leads to increased β-cell death and decreased β-cell proliferation

Juan Sun and Decheng Ren _

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:56768-56779. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.18179

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Abstract

Juan Sun1 and Decheng Ren1

1Department of Medicine, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Correspondence to:

Decheng Ren, email: [email protected]

Keywords: cell death and proliferation, beta-cell, IER3IP1

Received: March 06, 2017     Accepted: April 27, 2017     Published: May 25, 2017

ABSTRACT

Mutations in the gene for Immediate Early Response 3 Interacting Protein 1 (IER3IP1) cause permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus in human. The mechanisms involved have not been determined and the role of IER3IP1 in β-cell survival has not been characterized. In order to determine if there is a molecular link between IER3IP1 deficiency and β-cell survival and proliferation, we knocked down Ier3ip1 gene expression in mouse MIN6 insulinoma cells. IER3IP1 suppression induced apoptotic cell death which was associated with an increase in Bim and a decrease in Bcl-xL. Knockdown of Bim reduced apoptotic cell death in MIN6 cells induced by IER3IP1 suppression. Overexpression of the anti-apoptotic molecule Bcl-xL prevents cell death induced by IER3IP1 suppression. Moreover, IER3IP1 also regulates activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). IER3IP1 suppression impairs the Inositol Requiring 1 (IRE1) and PKR-like ER kinase (PERK) arms of UPR. The cell proliferation of MIN6 cells was also decreased in IER3IP1 deficient cells. These results suggest that IER3IP1 suppression induces an increase in cell death and a decrease in cell proliferation in MIN6 cells, which may be the mechanism that mutations in IER3IP1 lead to diabetes.


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