Long non-coding RNA profile in mantle cell lymphoma identifies a functional lncRNA ROR1-AS1 associated with EZH2/PRC2 complex
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Guangzhen Hu1, Shiv K. Gupta2, Tammy P. Troska1, Asha Nair3 and Mamta Gupta4
1 Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN, USA
2 Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN, USA
3 Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN, USA
4 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, The George Washington University, GW Cancer Center, Washington, DC, USA
Mamta Gupta, email:
Keywords: lncRNA ROR1-AS1, MCL, PRC2, EZH2
Received: May 05, 2017 Accepted: May 07, 2017 Published: May 17, 2017
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma characterized by rapid disease progression. The needs for new therapeutic strategies for MCL patients call for further understanding on the molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis of MCL. Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been recognized as key regulators of gene expression and disease development, however, the role of lncRNAs in non-Hodgkin lymphoma and specifically in MCL is still unknown. Next generation RNA-sequencing was carried out on MCL patient samples along with normal controls and data was analyzed. As a result, several novel lncRNAs were found significantly overexpressed in the MCL samples with lncRNA ROR1-AS1 the most significant one. We cloned the ROR1-AS1 lncRNA in expression vector and ectopically transfected in MCL cell lines. Results showed that overexpression of ROR1-AS1 lncRNA promoted growth of MCL cells while decreased sensitivity to the treatment with drugs ibrutinib and dexamethasone. ROR-AS1 overexpression also decreased the mRNA expression of P16 (P = 0.21), and SOX11 (p = 0.017), without much effect on P53, ATM and P14 mRNA. RNA-immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated high affinity binding of lncRNA ROR1-AS1 with EZH2 and SUZ12 proteins of the polycomb repressive complex-2 (PRC2). Suppressing EZH2 activity with pharmacological inhibitor GSK343 abolished binding of ROR1-AS1 with EZH2. Taken together, this study identified a functional lncRNA ROR-AS1 involved with regulation of gene transcription via associating with PRC2 complex, and may serve as a novel biomarker in MCL patients.
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