Prognostic value of circulating vitamin D binding protein, total, free and bioavailable 25-hydroxy vitamin D in patients with colorectal cancer
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Lin Yang1,*, Hong Chen1,*, Miao Zhao1 and Peng Peng1
1Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongda Hospital, School of Medicine, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Hong Chen, email: [email protected]
Keywords: VDBP, 25(OH)D, colorectal cancer, prognosis, overall survival
Received: January 04, 2017 Accepted: March 13, 2017 Published: March 27, 2017
Numerous studies have suggested that there was a significantly positive association between circulating total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and survival in colorectal cancer patients. Moreover, plasma vitamin D was also found significantly associated with the concentration of vitamin D binding protein (VDBP). However, there was no paper to clarify the prognostic value of VDBP, free and bioavailable 25(OH)D in colorectal carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to comprehensively assess the prognostic value of VDBP, total, free and bioavailable 25(OH)D in stage I-III colorectal cancer patients. A total of 206 colorectal cancer patients were enrolled in this prospective study. Preoperative plasma total 25(OH)D and VDBP concentrations were measured by direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and albumin concentration was measured by Beckman automatic biochemical analyzer. Free and bioavailable 25(OH)D concentrations were calculated based on the concentrations of plasma VDBP, total 25(OH) D and albumin. X-title program was used to determine the optimal cut-off values of VDBP, total, free and bioavailable 25(OH)D. Results showed that elevated free and bioavailable 25(OH)D were significantly associated with better 5-year overall survival (OS) by univariate analysis. By multivariate cox analysis, we also found that the high level of free 25(OH)D (HR = 0.442, 95%CI = 0.238–0.819, P < 0.010) could be identified as an independent factor for better OS. In conclusion, our study suggested that higher levels of free and bioavailable 25(OH)D were associated with better OS in stage I-III colorectal cancer patients. Moreover, free 25(OH)D could be considered as an independent prognostic biomarker for OS.
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