KIFC1 is essential for acrosome formation and nuclear shaping during spermiogenesis in the lobster Procambarus clarkii
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Dan-Dan Ma1, Lian Bi1, Wan-Xi Yang1
1The Sperm Laboratory, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Wan-Xi Yang, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: procambarus clarkii, spermiogenesis, KIFC1, microtubule, RNAi
Received: February 17, 2017 Accepted: March 14, 2017 Published: March 21, 2017
In order to study the function of kinesin-14 motor protein KIFC1 during spermatogenesis of Procambarus clarkii, the full length of kifc1 was cloned from testes cDNA using Rapid-Amplification of cDNA Ends (RACE). The deduced KIFC1 protein sequence showed the highest similarity between Procambarus clarkii and Eriocheir senensis (similarity rate as 64%). According to the results of in situ hybridization (ISH), the kifc1 mRNA was gathered in the acrosome location above nucleus in the mid- and late-stage spermatids. Immunofluorescence results were partly consistent with the ISH in middle spermatids, while in the late spermatids the KIFC1 was distributed around the nucleus which had large deformation and formed four to six nuclear arms. In the mature sperm, KIFC1 and microtubules were distributed around the sperm, playing a role in maintaining the sperm morphology and normal function. Overexpression of P. clarkii kifc1 in GC1 cells for 24 hours resulted in disorganization of microtubules which changed the cell morphology from circular and spherical into fusiform. In addition, the overexpression also resulted in triple centrosomes during mitosis which eventually led to cell apoptosis. RNAi experiments showed that decreased KIFC1 protein levels resulted in total inhibition of spermatogenesis, with only mature sperm found in the RNAi-testis, implying an indispensable role of KIFC1 during P. clarkii spermiogenesis.
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