Nuclear organization of nucleotide excision repair is mediated by RING1B dependent H2A-ubiquitylation
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Shalaka Chitale1,2 and Holger Richly1
1 Laboratory of Molecular Epigenetics, Institute of Molecular Biology, Mainz, Germany, Ackermannweg, Mainz, Germany
2 Faculty of Biology, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany
Holger Richly, email:
Keywords: nucleotide excision repair, DNA repair, ubiquitin, chromatin, nuclear dynamics
Received: November 10, 2016 Accepted: February 15, 2017 Published: March 11, 2017
One of the major cellular DNA repair pathways is nucleotide excision repair (NER). It is the primary pathway for repair of various DNA lesions caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light, such as cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) and 6-4 photoproducts. Although lesion-containing DNA associates with the nuclear matrix after UV irradiation it is still not understood how nuclear organization affects NER. Analyzing unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) indicates that NER preferentially occurs in specific nuclear areas, viz the nucleolus. Upon inducing localized damage, we observe migration of damaged DNA towards the nucleolus. Employing a LacR-based tethering system we demonstrate that H2A-ubiquitylation via the UV-RING1B complex localizes chromatin close to the nucleolus. We further show that the H2A-ubiquitin binding protein ZRF1 resides in the nucleolus, and that it anchors ubiquitylated chromatin along with XPC. Our data thus provide insight into the sub-nuclear organization of NER and reveal a novel role for histone H2A-ubiquitylation.
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