Model driven optimization of antiangiogenics + cytotoxics combination: application to breast cancer mice treated with bevacizumab + paclitaxel doublet leads to reduced tumor growth and fewer metastasis
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Severine Mollard1,2, Joseph Ciccolini1, Diane-Charlotte Imbs1, Raouf El Cheikh1, Dominique Barbolosi1, Sebastien Benzekry3
1SMARTc Unit, Inserm S_911 CRO2, Aix Marseille University, Marseille, France
2Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
3MONC Team, INRIA, Bordeaux, France
Sebastien Benzekry, email: [email protected]
Keywords: tumor vasculature normalization, antiangiogenics, scheduling, combination, mathematical modeling
Received: November 30, 2016 Accepted: February 07, 2017 Published: February 18, 2017
Bevacizumab is the first-in-class antiangiogenic drug and is almost always administrated in combination with cytotoxics. Reports have shown that bevacizumab could induce a transient phase of vascular normalization, thus ensuring a better drug delivery when cytotoxics administration is adjuvant. However, determining the best sequence remains challenging. We have developed a mathematical model describing the impact of antiangiogenics on tumor vasculature. A 3.4 days gap between bevacizumab and paclitaxel was first proposed by our model. To test its relevance, 84 mice were orthotopically xenografted with human MDA-231Luc+ refractory breast cancer cells. Two sets of experiments were performed, based upon different bevacizumab dosing (10 or 20 mg/kg) and inter-cycle intervals (7 or 10 days), comprising several combinations with paclitaxel. Results showed that scheduling bevacizumab 3 days before paclitaxel improved antitumor efficacy (48% reduction in tumor size compared with concomitant dosing, p < 0.05) and reduced metastatic spreading. Additionally, bevacizumab alone could lead to more aggressive metastatic disease with shorter survival in animals. Our model was able to fit the experimental data and provided insights on the underlying dynamics of the vasculature’s ability to deliver the cytotoxic agent. Final simulations suggested a new, data-informed optimal gap of 2.2 days. Our experimental data suggest that current concomitant dosing between bevacizumab and paclitaxel could be a sub-optimal strategy at bedside. In addition, this proof of concept study suggests that mathematical modelling could help to identify the optimal interval among a variety of possible alternate treatment modalities, thus refining the way experimental or clinical studies are conducted.
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