HDAC8 functions in spindle assembly during mouse oocyte meiosis
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Kemei Zhang1,*, Yajuan Lu2,*, Chaohua Jiang2,*, Wei Liu2,*, Jing Shu1, Xueqin Chen1, Yingjiao Shi1, Ensheng Wang1, Li Wang1, Qinbo Hu1, Yibo Dai1, Bo Xiong2
1Reproductive Medicine Center, Ningbo First Hospital, Zhejiang 315010, China
2College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
*These authors have contributed equally to this work
Bo Xiong, email: [email protected]
Keywords: HDAC8, spindle assembly, chromosome alignment, kinetochore-microtubule attachment, aneuploid eggs
Received: November 23, 2016 Accepted: January 17, 2017 Published: February 16, 2017
HDAC8 is a class I histone deacetylase that functions in a variety of biological processes through its non-histone substrates. However, its roles during oocyte meiosis remain elusive. Here, we document that HDAC8 localizes at spindle poles and positively participates in the regulation of microtubule organization and spindle assembly in mouse oocytes. Depletion of HDAC8 by siRNA-based gene silencing results in various spindle defects and chromosome misalignment during oocyte meiotic maturation, accompanied by impaired kinetochore-microtubule attachments. Consequently, a higher incidence of aneuploidy is generated in HDAC8-depleted MII eggs. In addition, inhibition of HDAC8 activity with its selective inhibitor PCI-34051 phenocopies the spindle/chromosome defects resulting from HDAC8 depletion by siRNA injection. Finally, we find that HDAC8 is required for the correct localization of ϕ-tubulin to spindle poles. Collectively, these data reveal that HDAC8 plays a significant role in regulating spindle assembly and thus ensuring the euploidy in mouse eggs.
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