Oncotarget

Research Papers:

Long-term tolerance and cardiac function in breast cancer patients receiving trastuzumab therapy

Ping Huang, Shujun Dai, Zhimin Ye _, Yajuan Liu, Zhanhong Chen, Yabing Zheng, Xiying Shao, Lei Lei and Xiaojia Wang

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:2069-2075. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.13726

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Abstract

Ping Huang1, Shujun Dai2,*, Zhimin Ye3, Yajuan Liu4, Zhanhong Chen1, Yabing Zheng1, Xiying Shao1, Lei Lei1 and Xiaojia Wang1

1 Department of Medical Oncology, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, China

2 Department of Intense Care Unit, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China

3 Department of Radiation Oncology, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, China

4 Department of Tumor Comprehensive Treatment, Hangzhou Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, China

* Co-first author

Correspondence to:

Zhimin Ye, email:

Xiaojia Wang, email:

Keywords: breast cancer; Her-2; LVEF; trastuzumab; cardiac event

Received: June 29, 2016 Accepted: November 14, 2016 Published: November 30, 2016

Abstract

We examined the long-term clinical tolerance and cardiac safety of trastuzumab treatment in ninety-four female patients diagnosed with breast cancer with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) overexpression. Electrocardiography (ECG) was monitored throughout trastuzumab treatment, and left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEFs) were estimated using echocardiography prior to treatment with trastuzumab and every 3 months after its first application. The duration of trastuzumab treatments ranged from 3 to 60 months. Declines in LVEF ≥ 15% were seen mainly after 3-15 months of trastuzumab treatment, and LVEF was lowest at 15 months, which coincided with the largest decline in LVEF from baseline. Spearman correlation coefficients indicated that accumulation of anthracycline, the use of cyto/cardioprotective drugs (CPD) and the duration of trastuzumab treatment were all associated with the change of LVEF, and there was a strong correlation between these factors and the change of LVEF (ρ=0.81, ρ=0.734 and ρ=0.777 respectively). These results indicate that significant decreases of LVEF may be seen after 3-15 months of trastuzumab treatment, but that there is a favorable benefit-risk ratio for patients undergoing long-term trastuzumab treatment.


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