Clinical Research Papers:
Preoperative blood-routine markers and prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: The Fujian prospective investigation of cancer (FIESTA) study
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Dan Hu1,*, Xiandong Lin1,*, Yan Chen2,*, Qing Chang3,*, Gang Chen1, Chao Li1, Hejun Zhang1, Zhaolei Cui2, Binying Liang4, Wenhui Jiang1, Kaida Ji3, Jun Huang3, Feng Peng5, Xiongwei Zheng1 and Wenquan Niu3
1 Department of Pathology, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
2 Department of Clinical Laboratory, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
3 State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Rui Jin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
4 Department of Medical Record, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
5 Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
* Shared first authors
Wenquan Niu, email:
Xiongwei Zheng, email:
Feng Peng, email:
Keywords: esophageal squamous cell carcinoma; blood-routine marker; prognosis; the FIESTA study
Received: July 30, 2016 Accepted: October 14, 2016 Published: November 11, 2016
This prospective study was designed to investigate the prognosis of preoperative blood-routine markers for esophageal cancer mortality by using data from the ongoing Fujian prospective investigation of cancer (FIESTA) study. Patients who received three-field lymphadenectomy for esophageal cancer between 2000 and 2010 were enrolled. Of 2535 patients with complete survival data, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) accounted for 94.5% (n = 2396). Here, only ESCC patients were analyzed, with the median follow-up time of 38.2 months (range: 0.5 to 180 months). Of 10 blood-routine markers evaluated, platelet count and red cell distribution width (RDW) were two significant predictors for ESCC mortality in men (adjusted hazard ratio or HR = 1.25 and 0.84, 95% confidence interval or CI: 1.08-1.22 and 0.75-0.93, P < 0.001 and P = 0.001, respectively), while in women only lymphocyte showed marginal significance. Based on individual results, a new derivate calculated as platelet count to RDW ratio (PRR) was created, and it was superior over other widely-evaluated derivates in men after adjustment (HR = 1.21, 95% CI: 1.13-1.30, P < 0.001), while there was no observable significance in women. In further stratified analyses, the prognosis of PRR for ESCC mortality was reinforced in men with tumor-node-metastasis stage III (HR, 95% CI, P: 1.18, 1.09-1.28, 0.001), invasion depth T3-T4 (1.17, 1.08-1.26, <0.001) or positive lymph node metastasis (1.37, 1.18-1.59, <0.001). Taken together, we created a new derivate PRR that was proven to be superior over other blood-routine markers and exhibited strong prognostic capability for ESCC mortality in Chinese men.
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