Oncotarget

Clinical Research Papers:

De novo malignancy in organ transplant recipients in Taiwan: a nationwide cohort population study

Hsin-I Tsai, Chao-Wei Lee, Chang-Fu Kuo, Lai-Chu See, Fu-Chao Liu, Meng-Jiun Chiou and Huang-Ping Yu _

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:36685-36695. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.13124

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Abstract

Hsin-I Tsai1,2,3, Chao-Wei Lee2,3,4, Chang-Fu Kuo2,5, Lai-Chu See5,6,7, Fu-Chao Liu1,2, Meng-Jiun Chiou8 and Huang-Ping Yu1,2

1 Department of Anesthesiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan

2 College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

3 Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

4 Department of Surgery, Change Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan

5 Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan

6 Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

7 Biostatistics Core Laboratory, Molecular Medicine Research Center, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

8 Office for Big Data Research, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Correspondence to:

Huang-Ping Yu, email:

Keywords: de novo malignancy, organ transplantation, nationwide study, population-based study, cohort study

Received: September 27, 2016 Accepted: October 28, 2016 Published: November 04, 2016

Abstract

Organ transplant recipients appear to have a higher risk of de novo malignancy. The aim of the study was designed to estimate cancer risk in heart, lung, kidney and liver transplant recipients. The cohort study used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (1996-2011) and followed the outcomes of organ recipients until 2012. De novo cancer and mortality rates after organ transplantation were evaluated using standardized incidence ratios, excess absolute risks of cancer, and standardized mortality ratios in recipients were compared with those in the general population. We identified 40, 231, 2, and 115 patients who developed cancer after heart, kidney, lung, and liver transplantation, which corresponded to a cancer incidence of 878.4, 1101.2, 728.9, and 1361.4 cases per 100,000 person-years, respectively. In heart, kidney, lung, and liver recipients, the overall standardized incidence ratios were 1.65 (1.21-2.24), 3.33 (2.93-3.79), 1.82 (0.45-7.27) and 3.37 (2.81-4.05) and the overall standardized mortality ratios were 5.45 (4.96-5.98), 1.47 (1.34-1.61), 8.92 (7.10-11.20), and 3.83 (3.48-4.20), respectively. These results reveal a three-fold increase in de novo cancer risk in organ transplant patients compared with the general population. This study illustrated the importance of de novo malignancy after organ transplantation.


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