Autophagy as an emerging therapy target for ovarian carcinoma
Metrics: PDF 1125 views | HTML 1400 views | ?
Lei Zhan1, Yu Zhang1, Wenyan Wang1, Enxue Song1, Yijun Fan1, Jun Li2,*, Bing Wei1
1Department of gynecology and obstetrics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230601, China
2School of Pharmacy, Anhui Key Laboratory of Bioactivity of Natural Products, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China
Keywords: autophagy, dual functions, ovarian carcinoma, mechanism, therapies
Received: June 21, 2016 Accepted: September 21, 2016 Published: November 04, 2016
Autophagy is a conserved cellular self-digestion pathway for maintenance of homeostasis under basal and stressed conditions. Autophagy plays pivotal roles in the pathogenesis of many diseases, such as aging-related diseases, autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and cancers. Of special note is that accumulating data suggest an intimate relationship between autophagy and ovarian carcinoma. Autophagy is well identified to act as either as a tumor-suppressor or as a tumor-promoter in ovarian carcinoma. The exact function of autophagy in ovarian carcinoma is highly dependent on the circumstances of cancer including hypoxic, nutrient-deficient, chemotherapy and so on. However, the mechanism underlying autophagy associated with ovarian carcinoma remains elusive, the precise role of autophagy in ovarian carcinoma also remains undetermined. In this review, we tried to sum up and discuss recent research achievements of autophagy in ovarian cancer. Moreover, waves of novel therapies ways for ovarian carcinoma based on the functions of autophagy were collected.
All site content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.