Prognostic and clinicopathological significance of long noncoding RNA H19 overexpression in human solid tumors: evidence from a meta-analysis
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Fang-teng Liu1, Hua Pan1, Guang-feng Xia1, Cheng Qiu1, Zheng-ming Zhu1
1Department of General Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang 330000, Jiangxi Province, P. R. China
Zheng-ming Zhu, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: long noncoding RNA, H19, carcinoma, prognosis, meta-analysis
Received: April 29, 2016 Accepted: October 17, 2016 Published: November 4, 2016
Background: Many studies have reported that the expression level of lncRNA H19 was increased in various tumors. LncRNA H19 may play a significant role in cancer occurrence and development. An increased level of H19 was also associated with poor clinical outcomes of cancer patients.
Results: 12 eligible studies were screened, with a total of 1437 cancer patients. From the results of meta-analysis, as for prognosis, the patients with high expression of lncRNA H19 were shorter in OS (HR=1.08, 95% CI: 1.05-1.12). Statistical significance was also showed in subgroup meta-analysis stratified by the cancer type, analysis type and sample size. In addition, the patients detected with high H19 expression may be poorer in DFS (HR=1.27; 95% CI = 0.97-1.56). As for clinicopathology, it showed that increased H19 was related to poor histological grades (OR=2.31, 95% CI: 1.12-4.75), positive lymph node metastasis (OR=2.29, 95 % CI: 1.21-4.34) and advanced clinical stage (OR=4.83, 95% CI: 3.16-7.39).
Materials and Methods: Eligible studies were collected by retrieving keywords in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI and Wanfang database, from 1966 to April 23, 2016. This quantitative meta-analysis was performed with Stata SE12.0 and RevMan5.3 software. It aimed to explore the association between H19 expression level and prognosis and clinicopathology.
Conclusions: LncRNA-H19 may be a novel molecular marker for predicting solid tumors. It can also be a predictive factor of clinicopathological features in various cancers. Further studies are needed to verify the clinical utility of H19 in human cancers.
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