Research Papers: Pathology:

Resveratrol changes spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) activity and ameliorates their loss in busulfan-induced infertile mouse

Chongyang Wu, Ying Zhang, Qiaoyan Shen, Zhe Zhou, Weishuai Liu and Jinlian Hua _

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Oncotarget. 2016; 7:82085-82096. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.12990

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Chongyang Wu1,*, Ying Zhang1,*, Qiaoyan Shen1, Zhe Zhou1, Weishuai Liu2 and Jinlian Hua1

1 College of Veterinary Medicine, Shaanxi Centre of Stem Cells Engineering & Technology, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, China

* These authors have contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Jinlian Hua, email:

Keywords: resveratrol, spermatogonial stem cells, SIRT1-FOXO1, busulfan, Pathology Section

Received: August 09, 2016 Accepted: October 14, 2016 Published: October 29, 2016


The decline of quantity and quality of sperm are correlated with the increasing age and some anti-cancer compounds such as busulfan. Previous studies have shown that Resveratrol (Res) inhibits tumorigenesis and metastasis of many cancers including mammary tumor, prostate and pancreatic cancers. It acts as anti-age in mouse and human, however, little is known about its protective effect on aged spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Here, we investigated the effects of Res in vitro on SSCs using C18-4 cells and in vivo in busulfan-induced azoospermia mice model. The results showed that Res at different concentrations had different effects on C18-4 cells. Treatment with 2 μM of Res promotes cell proliferation and inhibits apoptosis, but stimulates apoptosis with a higher concentration (20 μM) in C18-4 cells. Using busulfan-induced infertility mice model, we demonstrated that Res (30 mg/kg/d and 100 mg/kg/d) clearly ameliorated SSCs loss to recover the spermatogenesis. Taken together, our data suggest that Res might be an approach for therapeutic intervention to promote SSC proliferation and cease SSCs loss in azoospermia mice model induced by busulfan.

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