Oncotarget

Research Papers:

A meta-analytic evaluation of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) C-629A polymorphism in association with coronary heart disease risk and lipid changes

Shouwei Lin _, Ruozhu Dai and Rong Lin

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:2153-2163. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.12898

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Abstract

Shouwei Lin1, Ruozhu Dai1, Rong Lin1

1Department of Cardiology, Fujian Medical University Affiliated First Quanzhou Hospital, Fujian Province, P.R. China

Correspondence to:

Shouwei Lin, email: [email protected]

Keywords: coronary heart disease, cholesteryl ester transfer protein, polymorphism, association, meta-analysis

Received: August 15, 2016     Accepted: October 19, 2016     Published: October 25, 2016

ABSTRACT

Lipid metabolism plays an essential role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, a major cause for coronary heart disease (CHD). Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) is an important glycoprotein involved in lipid metabolism by transferring cholesteryl esters to apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins in exchange for triglycerides. The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the association of CETP C-629A polymorphism with CHD risk and lipid changes. Four public databases were searched, and data from 17 qualified articles were extracted in duplicate and analyzed by STATA software. Overall association of C-629A with CHD risk was nonsignificant in 5441 patients and 7967 controls. Subgroup analyses by ethnicity revealed significance only in Caucasians, with the odds of CHD being 1.18, 1.43 and 1.41 under allelic, genotypic and dominant models, respectively (P < 0.001). Similarly, the -629C allele increased the corresponding risk of myocardial infarction by 1.23-, 1.28- and 1.29-fold (P < 0.02). The association of C-629A with CHD was significantly strengthened in prospective and large studies. Moreover, carriers of the -629C allele had significant higher levels of circulating CETP (weighted mean difference [WMD]: 0.45 μg/mL; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.25 to 0.65; P < 0.001), but lower levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (WMD: -3.65 mg/dL; 95% CI: -5.59 to -1.70; P < 0.001) relative to the -629AA homozygotes. The probability of publication bias was low. Our meta-analytic findings collectively demonstrate that the -629C allele was significantly associated with an increased risk of CHD in Caucasians, and this association may be mediated by its phenotypic regulation on circulating CETP and HDL-C.


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