Dicer suppresses MMP-2-mediated invasion and VEGFA-induced angiogenesis and serves as a promising prognostic biomarker in human clear cell renal cell carcinoma
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Yan-Su Chen1,2,*, Fei Meng1,3,*, Hai-Long Li1,*, Qing-Hua Liu1,4, Ping-Fu Hou1,5, Jin Bai1,5, Jun-Nian Zheng1,5
1Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Biological Cancer Therapy, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221002, Jiangsu Province, China
2School of Public Health, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221002, Jiangsu Province, China
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Huai’ an First People's Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Huai’ an 223300, Jiangsu Province, China
4Department of Pathology, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221002, Jiangsu Province, China
5Jiangsu Center for the Collaboration and Innovation of Cancer Biotherapy, Cancer Institute, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221002, Jiangsu Province, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Jin Bai, email: email@example.com
Jun-Nian Zheng, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: dicer, metastasis, angiogenesis, prognostic biomarker, renal cell carcinoma
Received: May 16, 2016 Accepted: October 02, 2016 Published: October 08, 2016
Dicer, a key component of the microRNA processing machinery, has been reported to exert discrepant prognostic values and biological roles in different types of cancers. Here, we investigated the function and prognostic value of Dicer in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Using the retrospective ccRCC patients’ cohorts with tissue microarray (TMA), we demonstrated that Dicer expression was significantly down-regulated in ccRCC compared with renal non-tumor tissues, and negatively associated with pN status (P = 0.005), pM status (P = 0.009) and TNM stage (P =0.013). Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses showed that positive Dicer expression was an independent favorable factor for prognosis of ccRCC patients (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.709, P = 0.025 for 5-year overall survival; HR = 0.655, P = 0.008 for disease specific survival). Moreover, we found that Dicer decreased the abilities of cell migration, invasion and angiogenesis through suppressing MMP-2 and VEGFA expression. Tumor metastasis model in vivo showed much more metastatic nodules of lung in the Dicer knockdown group than the control group via increased MMP-2 expression. Our findings imply that Dicer inhibits ccRCC metastasis and may serve as promising prognostic biomarkers for ccRCC patients.
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