Sirtuins in glucose and lipid metabolism
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Xin Ye1, Meiting Li1, Tianyun Hou1, Tian Gao1, Wei-guo Zhu1 and Yang Yang1
1 Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China
Yang Yang, email:
Keywords: sirtuins, SIRT1-SIRT7, glucose metabolism, lipid metabolism, regulation
Received: April 01, 2016 Accepted: September 13, 2016 Published: September 21, 2016
Sirtuins are evolutionarily conserved protein, serving as nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent deacetylases or adenosine diphosphate-ribosyltransferases. The mammalian sirtuins family, including SIRT1~7, is involved in many biological processes such as cell survival, proliferation, senescence, stress response, genome stability and metabolism. Evidence accumulated over the past two decades has indicated that sirtuins not only serve as important energy status sensors but also protect cells against metabolic stresses. In this review, we summarize the background of glucose and lipid metabolism concerning sirtuins and discuss the functions of sirtuins in glucose and lipid metabolism. We also seek to highlight the biological roles of certain sirtuins members in cancer metabolism.
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