Cytoskeleton-centric protein transportation by exosomes transforms tumor-favorable macrophages
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Zhipeng Chen1,*, Lijuan Yang1,*, Yizhi Cui1, Yanlong Zhou1, Xingfeng Yin1, Jiahui Guo1, Gong Zhang1, Tong Wang1, Qing-Yu He1
1Key Laboratory of Functional Protein Research of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, Institute of Life and Health Engineering, College of Life Science and Technology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
*These authors have contributed equally to this work
Qing-Yu He, email: [email protected]
Tong Wang, email: [email protected]
Keywords: exosomes, tumor-associated macrophages, proteome, transportation, cytoskeleton-centric
Received: June 16, 2016 Accepted: August 21, 2016 Published: September 1, 2016
The exosome is a key initiator of pre-metastatic niche in numerous cancers, where macrophages serve as primary inducers of tumor microenvironment. However, the proteome that can be exosomally transported from cancer cells to macrophages has not been sufficiently characterized so far. Here, we used colorectal cancer (CRC) exosomes to educate tumor-favorable macrophages. With a SILAC-based mass spectrometry strategy, we successfully traced the proteome transported from CRC exosomes to macrophages. Such a proteome primarily focused on promoting cytoskeleton rearrangement, which was biologically validated with multiple cell lines. We reproduced the exosomal transportation of functional vimentin as a proof-of-concept example. In addition, we found that some CRC exosomes could be recognized by macrophages via Fc receptors. Therefore, we revealed the active and necessary role of exosomes secreted from CRC cells to transform cancer-favorable macrophages, with the cytoskeleton-centric proteins serving as the top functional unit.
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