Research Papers:

The inhibitory effect of 7,7”-dimethoxyagastisflavone on the metastasis of melanoma cells via the suppression of F-actin polymerization

Ching-Min Lin, Yu-Ling Lin, Shu-Yi Ho, Pin-Rong Chen, Yi-Hsuan Tsai, Chen-Han Chung, Chia-Hsiang Hwang, Nu-Man Tsai, Shey-Cherng Tzou, Chun-Yen Ke, Jung Chang, Yi-Lin Chan, Yu-Shan Wang, Kwan-Hwa Chi and Kuang-Wen Liao _

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Oncotarget. 2017; 8:60046-60059. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.10960

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Ching-Min Lin1,*, Yu-Ling Lin2,3,*, Shu-Yi Ho3, Pin-Rong Chen1, Yi-Hsuan Tsai1, Chen-Han Chung1, Chia-Hsiang Hwang4, Nu-Man Tsai5,6,*, Shey-Cherng Tzou1,3, Chun-Yen Ke1, Jung Chang3, Yi-Lin Chan7, Yu-Shan Wang8, Kwan-Hwa Chi8,* and Kuang-Wen Liao1,3,9,*

1Institute of Molecular Medicine and Bioengineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan

2Center for Bioinformatics Research, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan

3Department of Biological Science and Technology, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan

4Yung-Shin Pharmaceutical Industry Co., Ltd., Taichung, Taiwan

5Department of Medical and Laboratory Biotechnology, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

6Clinical Laboratory, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

7Department of Life Science, Chinese Culture University, Taichung, Taiwan

8Department of Radiation Therapy and Oncology, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan

9Graduate Institut of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Kuang-Wen Liao, email: [email protected]

Keywords: biflavonoid, angiogenesis, metastasis, actin polymerization, cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB)

Received: February 02, 2016     Accepted: June 29, 2016     Published: July 30, 2016


7,7”-Dimethoxyagastisflavone (DMGF), a biflavonoid isolated from Taxus x media cv. Hicksii, induces apoptotic and autophagic cell death. However, whether DMGF suppresses tumor metastasis is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-metastatic activities of DMGF on the metastatic processes of melanoma cells in vivo and in vitro. A transwell assay showed that DMGF could effectively attenuate the motility of B16F10 cells, and the results of real-time PCR revealed that DMGF also suppressed the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2). Moreover, DMGF did not influence tube formation but inhibited the migration of endothelial cells. Furthermore, animal models were used to monitor the effects of DMGF on tumor metastasis, and all models showed that DMGF significantly suppressed the metastatic behaviors of B16F10 cells, including intravasation, colonization, and invasion of the lymphatic duct. In addition, DMGF could also reduce the densities of the blood vessels in the tumor area in vivo. Further investigation of the molecular mechanisms of anti-metastatic activity revealed that DMGF can down-regulate the levels of key modulators of the Cdc42/Rac1 pathway to interfere in F-actin polymerization and suppress the formation of lamellipodia by reducing the phosphorylation of CREB. These data suggested that DMGF presents anti-metastatic activities in B16F10 melanoma cells. Here, we demonstrated that DMGF can inhibit the metastasis of highly invasive melanoma cancer cells through the down-regulation of F-actin polymerization. Considering these findings, DMGF may be further developed to serve as a chemoprevention drug for patients with metastatic melanoma.

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