IL-1β-stimulated β-catenin up-regulation promotes angiogenesis in human lung-derived mesenchymal stromal cells through a NF-κB-dependent microRNA-433 induction
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Jia Sun1,*, Jintao Chen1,*, Juan Cao1, Tianxiang Li1, Shaoxia Zhuang1, Xiufeng Jiang1
1Wuxi People’s Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi 214023, Jiangsu, China
*These authors have contributed equally to this paper
Xiufeng Jiang, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: lung injury, mesenchymal stem cell, angiogenesis, microRNA, Wnt/β-catenin
Received: June 03, 2016 Accepted: July 04, 2016 Published: July 18, 2016
Considerable attentions have been focused on the treatment of lung injury using mesenchymal stem cells that can replenish damaged tissues including the blood vessels. In human lung-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hL-MSC), we investigated the potential role of an IL-1β-stimulated miR-433 pathway in angiogenesis in vitro. The expressions of miR-433 and its target genes were examined in cells treated with IL-1β. The angiogenic activity of hL-MSC was studied by cell migration and tube formation assays in which miR-433 levels were manipulated. The reporter assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) were also performed to analyze the underlying regulations. We found that the expression of miR-433 was enhanced in hL-MSC by IL-1β in a NF-κB dependent manner via a NF-κB binding site at its promoter region. The effects of IL-1β on promoting angiogenic activities in hL-MSC can be mimicked by the overexpression of miR-433 and were blocked by anti-miR-433. Mechanistically, our data suggested that miR-433 directly targets the 3’-UTR of Dickkopf Wnt signaling pathway inhibitor 1 (DKK1) mRNA and decreases its expression. Consistently, the expression of β-catenin, the major mediator of canonical Wnt pathway that is capable of inducing endothelial differentiation and angiogenesis, was upregulated by IL-1β through miR-433. Thus, increasing miR-433 expression by IL-1β in mesenchymal stem cells could stimulate their capacity of vascular remodeling for efficient repair processes, which may be utilized as a therapeutic target in patients suffering from severe lung injury.
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