Research Papers:

Establishment and characterization of a penile cancer cell line, penl1, with a deleterious TP53 mutation as a paradigm of HPV-negative penile carcinogenesis

Jieping Chen, Kai Yao, Zaishang Li, Chuangzhong Deng, Liangjiao Wang, Xingsu Yu, Peili Liang, Qiankun Xie, Peng Chen, Zike Qin, Yunlin Ye, Zhuowei Liu, Fangjian Zhou, Zhenfeng Zhang _ and Hui Han

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Oncotarget. 2016; 7:51687-51698. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.10098

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Jieping Chen1,2,*, Kai Yao1,2,*, Zaishang Li1,2, Chuangzhong Deng1,2, Liangjiao Wang3, Xingsu Yu1,4, Peili Liang5, Qiankun Xie1,4, Peng Chen6, Zike Qin1,2, Yunlin Ye1,2, Zhuowei Liu1,2, Fangjian Zhou1,2, Zhenfeng Zhang1,4, Hui Han1,2

1Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, China

2Department of Urology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China

3Department of Endocrinology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China

4Center of Medical Imaging & Image-Guided Therapy, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, China

5Department of Gynecology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Guangzhou, China

6Department of Urology, Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumchi, China

*These authors have contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Zhenfeng Zhang, email: [email protected]

Hui Han, email: [email protected]

Keywords: penile squamous cell carcinoma, lymph node metastasis, characterization, TP53, human papilloma virus-induced penile carcinogenesis

Received: November 18, 2015     Accepted: May 02, 2016     Published: June 16, 2016


Purpose: To establish penile cancer (PeCa) cell lines for the study of molecular mechanisms of carcinogenesis and testing therapeutic reagents.

Materials and Methods: We successfully established two PeCa cell lines from fresh tumor tissues from 21 cases. One cell line named Penl1 was isolated from a lymph node metastasis (LNM) of penile squamous cell carcinoma (PeSCC), usual type and comprehensively characterized here. Our in-depth characterization analysis of the Penl1 cell line included morphology, tumorigenicity, genetic characteristics, protein expression, biology, and chemosensitivity. Penl1 was authenticated by single tandem repeat (STR) DNA typing.

Results: Comparative histomorphology, genetic characteristics, and protein expression patterns revealed essential similarities between the cell line and its corresponding LNM. In-depth characterization analysis of Penl1 cell line revealed tumorigenicity in immunodeficient mice, negative human papilloma virus (HPV) and mycoplasma infection, TP53 mutations and sensitivity to cisplatin and epirubicin. STR DNA typing did not match any cell lines within three international cell banks. The limitation of this study is that one patient cannot represent the complete heterogeneity of PeCa, especially primary tumor.

Conclusions: We established and characterized an HPV-negative and moderately differentiated PeCa cell model with a TP53 missense mutation from a PeSCC, usual type patient. A preliminarily study of carcinogenesis and chemosensitivity suggests that this cell model carries a tumor suppressor gene mutation and is sensitive to chemotherapy drugs.

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