Oncotarget

Research Papers: Gerotarget (Focus on Aging):

Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in aging and cancer

Anna V. Kudryavtseva _, George S. Krasnov, Alexey A. Dmitriev, Boris Y. Alekseev, Olga L. Kardymon, Asiya F. Sadritdinova, Maria S. Fedorova, Anatoly V. Pokrovsky, Nataliya V. Melnikova, Andrey D. Kaprin, Alexey A. Moskalev and Anastasiya V. Snezhkina

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Oncotarget. 2016; 7:44879-44905. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.9821

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Abstract

Anna V. Kudryavtseva1,2, George S. Krasnov1, Alexey A. Dmitriev1, Boris Y. Alekseev2, Olga L. Kardymon1, Asiya F. Sadritdinova1,2, Maria S. Fedorova1, Anatoly V. Pokrovsky3, Nataliya V. Melnikova1, Andrey D. Kaprin2, Alexey A. Moskalev1,4 and Anastasiya V. Snezhkina1

1 Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

2 National Medical Research Radiological Center, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

3 A.V. Vishnevsky Institute of Surgery, Moscow, Russia

4 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Russia

Correspondence to:

Anna V. Kudryavtseva, email:

Keywords: oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, ROS, aging, cancer, Gerotarget

Received: November 23, 2015 Accepted: May 28, 2016 Published: June 05, 2016

Abstract

Aging and cancer are the most important issues to research. The population in the world is growing older, and the incidence of cancer increases with age. There is no doubt about the linkage between aging and cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this association are still unknown. Several lines of evidence suggest that the oxidative stress as a cause and/or consequence of the mitochondrial dysfunction is one of the main drivers of these processes. Increasing ROS levels and products of the oxidative stress, which occur in aging and age-related disorders, were also found in cancer. This review focuses on the similarities between ageing-associated and cancer-associated oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction as their common phenotype.


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