Metabolomic screening of pre-diagnostic serum samples identifies association between α- and γ-tocopherols and glioblastoma risk
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Benny Björkblom1, Carl Wibom2, Pär Jonsson1, Lina Mörén1, Ulrika Andersson2, Tom Børge Johannesen3, Hilde Langseth3, Henrik Antti1,*, Beatrice Melin2,*
1Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, SE-90187 Umeå, Sweden
2Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology, Umeå University, SE-90187 Umeå, Sweden
3Cancer Registry of Norway, Institute of Population-Based Cancer Research, N-0304 Oslo, Norway
*Shared senior authorship with equal contribution
Benny Björkblom, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: population-based, serum metabolite, vitamin E, antioxidants, brain tumor
Received: February 03, 2016 Accepted: April 23, 2016 Published: May 09, 2016
Glioblastoma is associated with poor prognosis with a median survival of one year. High doses of ionizing radiation is the only established exogenous risk factor. To explore new potential biological risk factors for glioblastoma, we investigated alterations in metabolite concentrations in pre-diagnosed serum samples from glioblastoma patients diagnosed up to 22 years after sample collection, and undiseased controls. The study points out a latent biomarker for future glioblastoma consisting of nine metabolites (γ-tocopherol, α-tocopherol, erythritol, erythronic acid, myo-inositol, cystine, 2-keto-L-gluconic acid, hypoxanthine and xanthine) involved in antioxidant metabolism. We detected significantly higher serum concentrations of α-tocopherol (p=0.0018) and γ-tocopherol (p=0.0009) in future glioblastoma cases. Compared to their matched controls, the cases showed a significant average fold increase of α- and γ-tocopherol levels: 1.2 for α-T (p=0.018) and 1.6 for γ-T (p=0.003). These tocopherol levels were associated with a glioblastoma odds ratio of 1.7 (α-T, 95% CI:1.0-3.0) and 2.1 (γ-T, 95% CI:1.2-3.8). Our exploratory metabolomics study detected elevated serum levels of a panel of molecules with antioxidant properties as well as oxidative stress generated compounds. Additional studies are necessary to confirm the association between the observed serum metabolite pattern and future glioblastoma development.
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