s-SHIP expression identifies a subset of murine basal prostate cells as neonatal stem cells
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Guillaume Brocqueville1, Renee S. Chmelar2, Hélène Bauderlique-Le Roy1, Emeric Deruy3, Lu Tian1, Robert L. Vessella4, Norman M. Greenberg2,5, Larry R. Rohrschneider2,*, Roland P. Bourette1
1University of Lille, CNRS, Institut Pasteur de Lille, UMR 8161-M3T-Mechanisms of Tumorigenesis and Targeted Therapies, SIRIC ONCOLille, F-59000 Lille, France
2Division of Basic Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
3BioImaging Center Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, University of Lille, F-59000 Lille, France
4Department of Urology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
5Present address: NMG Scientific Consulting, North Potomac, MD 20878, USA
Roland P. Bourette, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: stem cells, prostate, s-SHIP, epithelial cells, transgenic mouse
Received: November 04, 2015 Accepted: March 28, 2016 Published: April 12, 2016
Isolation of prostate stem cells (PSCs) is crucial for understanding their biology during normal development and tumorigenesis. In this aim, we used a transgenic mouse model expressing GFP from the stem cell-specific s-SHIP promoter to mark putative stem cells during postnatal prostate development. Here we show that cells identified by GFP expression are present transiently during early prostate development and localize to the basal cell layer of the epithelium. These prostate GFP+ cells are a subpopulation of the Lin– CD24+ Sca-1+ CD49f+ cells and are capable of self-renewal together with enhanced growth potential in sphere-forming assay in vitro, a phenotype consistent with that of a PSC population. Transplantation assays of prostate GFP+ cells demonstrate reconstitution of prostate ducts containing both basal and luminal cells in renal grafts. Altogether, these results demonstrate that s-SHIP promoter expression is a new marker for neonatal basal prostate cells exhibiting stem cell properties that enables PSCs in situ identification and isolation via a single consistent parameter. Transcriptional profiling of these GFP+ neonatal stem cells showed an increased expression of several components of the Wnt signaling pathway. It also identified stem cell regulators with potential applications for further analyses of normal and cancer stem cells.
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