Research Papers: Gerotarget (Focus on Aging):
Adipose triglyceride lipase decrement affects skeletal muscle homeostasis during aging through FAs-PPARα-PGC-1α antioxidant response
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Katia Aquilano1,3, Sara Baldelli2, Livia La Barbera1, Daniele Lettieri Barbato1, Giuseppe Tatulli3 and Maria Rosa Ciriolo1,3
1 Department of Biology, University of Rome ‘Tor Vergata’, Rome, Italy
2 Università Telematica San Raffaele Roma, Rome, Italy
3 IRCCS San Raffaele ‘La Pisana’, Rome, Italy
Maria Rosa Ciriolo, email:
Katia Aquilano, email:
Keywords: antioxidants, lipid metabolism, myoblasts, oxidative stress, inflammation, Gerotarget
Received: February 25, 2016 Accepted: March 28, 2016 Published: April 01, 2016
During aging skeletal muscle shows an accumulation of oxidative damage as well as intramyocellular lipid droplets (IMLDs). However, although the impact of these modifications on muscle tissue physiology is well established, the direct effectors critical for their occurrence are poorly understood. Here we show that during aging the main lipase of triacylglycerols, ATGL, significantly declines in gastrocnemius and its downregulation in C2C12 myoblast leads to the accumulation of lipid droplets. Indeed, we observed an increase of oxidative damage to proteins in terms of carbonylation, S-nitrosylation and ubiquitination that is dependent on a defective antioxidant cell response mediated by ATGL-PPARα-PGC-1α. Overall our findings describe a pivotal role for ATGL in the antioxidant/anti-inflammatory response of muscle cells highlighting this lipase as a therapeutic target for fighting the progressive decline in skeletal muscle mass and strength.
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