Oncotarget

Clinical Research Papers:

Blood-brain barrier permeability of gefitinib in patients with brain metastases from non-small-cell lung cancer before and during whole brain radiation therapy

Yin-duo Zeng, Hai Liao, Tao Qin, Li Zhang, Wei-dong Wei, Jian-zhong Liang, Fei Xu, Xiao-xiao Dinglin, Shu-xiang Ma and Li-kun Chen _

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Oncotarget. 2015; 6:8366-8376. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.3187

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Abstract

Yin-duo Zeng1,*, Hai Liao2,*, Tao Qin1,*, Li Zhang1, Wei-dong Wei3, Jian-zhong Liang4, Fei Xu1, Xiao-xiao Dinglin5, Shu-xiang Ma1, Li-kun Chen1

1Department of Medical Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, China

2Lab of Phase I Clinical Study, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, China

3Department of Breast Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, China

4Department of Pathology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou 510060, China

5Department of Medical Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510120, China

*These authors have contributed equally to this work

Correspondence to:

Li-kun Chen, e-mail: chenlk@sysucc.org.cn

Keywords: Non-small-cell lung cancer, brain metastasis, gefitinib, whole brain radiation therapy, blood brain barrier

Received: December 10, 2014     Accepted: January 23, 2015     Published: February 06, 2015

ABSTRACT

Introduction

To explore the ability of gefitinib to penetrate blood brain barrier (BBB) during whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT).

Patients and Methods

Enrolled in this study were eligible patients who were diagnosed with BM from NSCLC. Gefitinib was given at 250 mg/day for 30 days, then concurrently with WBRT (40 Gy/20 F/4 w), followed by maintenance. Serial CSF and blood samples were collected on 30 day after gefitinib administration, and at the time of 10, 20, 30 and 40 Gy following WBRT. CSF and plasma samples of 13 patients without BM who were treated with gefitinib were collected as control. CSF and plasma gefitinib levels were measured by LC-MS/MS.

Results

Fifteen BM patients completed gefitinib plus WBRT. The CSF-to-plasma ratio of gefitinib in patients with BM was higher than that in patients without BM (1.34% vs. 0.36%, P < 0.001). The CSF-to-plasma ratio of gefitinib increased with the increased dose of WBRT and reached the peak (1.87 ± 0.72%) at 30 Gy, which was significantly higher than that 1.34 ± 0.49% at 0 Gy (P = 0.01). The median time to progression of brain lesions and the median overall survival were 7.07 and 15.4 months, respectively.

Conclusion

The BBB permeability of gefitinib increased in accordance with escalated dose of WBRT.


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