Gerotarget/Focus on Aging:
Active lifestyles in older adults: an integrated predictive model of physical activity and exercise
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Federica Galli1, Andrea Chirico1,5, Luca Mallia2, Laura Girelli3, Michelino De Laurentiis4, Fabio Lucidi1, Antonio Giordano5,6 and Gerardo Botti7
1Department of Psychology of Development and Socialization Processes, Sapienza, University of Rome, Rome, Italy
2Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome, “Foro Italico”, Rome, Italy
3Department of Human, Philosophical, Educational Sciences, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy
4Breast Department, National Cancer Institute of Naples IRCCS “G. Pascale”, Naples, Italy
5Sbarro Institute for Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Center for Biotechnology College of Science and Technology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, U.S.A
6Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience, University of Siena, Siena, Italy
7Division of Pathology, Department of Experimental Oncology, G. Pascale Foundation, National Cancer Institute, IRCCS, Naples, Italy
Antonio Giordano, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Keywords: older adults; physical activity; exercise; well-being; health; Gerotarget
Received: February 16, 2018 Accepted: April 25, 2018 Published: May 22, 2018
Physical activity and exercise have been identified as behaviors to preserve physical and mental health in older adults. The aim of the present study was to test the Integrated Behavior Change model in exercise and physical activity behaviors. The study evaluated two different samples of older adults: the first engaged in exercise class, the second doing spontaneous physical activity. The key analyses relied on Variance-Based Structural Modeling, which were performed by means of WARP PLS 6.0 statistical software. The analyses estimated the Integrated Behavior Change model in predicting exercise and physical activity, in a longitudinal design across two months of assessment. The tested models exhibited a good fit with the observed data derived from the model focusing on exercise, as well as with those derived from the model focusing on physical activity. Results showed, also, some effects and relations specific to each behavioral context. Results may form a starting point for future experimental and intervention research.
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